Ministry of Science and Technology: China’s five major capabilities of scientific and technological innovation have been greatly improved to promote high-quality economic development

  Cctv newsOn July 27th, the State Council held a press conference to provide strong scientific and technological support for building a well-off society in an all-round way.

  Wang Zhigang, Minister of Science and Technology, said that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China’s science and technology development has been accelerated, the national innovation system has been improved, the innovation capability has been greatly improved, and a number of major scientific and technological achievements have emerged. Decisive progress has been made in building an innovative country, which has strongly supported and led the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way.

  First, the original innovation ability of science and technology has been greatly improved.. The investment in basic research has grown rapidly, with an average annual growth rate of 16.9%, and the proportion of basic research in R&D investment has exceeded 6% for the first time. The level of basic research has been greatly improved, chemistry, materials, physics and other disciplines are in the forefront of the world, and a number of major original scientific and technological achievements represented by quantum communication, iron-based superconductivity and stem cells have been achieved.

  Second, the breakthrough ability of the strategic frontier of science and technology has greatly jumped.Significant progress has been made in the fields of deep sea, deep space, deep ground and deep blue. China astronauts entered their own space station for the first time, Tianwen-1 landed on Mars successfully, Chang ‘e IV landed on the back of the moon for the first time, Chang ‘e V sampled extraterrestrial objects, Endeavor sat down successfully, and Tiankun made its maiden voyage successfully.

  Third, the ability of systematic construction of science and technology has been greatly improved.Accelerate the construction of national laboratories, reorganize the national key laboratory system, and successfully build scientific and technological infrastructure such as spallation neutron sources, providing support for high-level scientific research. The team of scientific and technological talents continues to grow and develop. In 2019, the total number of R&D personnel in the whole society reached 7,129,300, 1.3 times that of 2015. There are 62 R&D personnel per 10,000 employed people.

  Fourth, the innovation ability of R&D subjects has been greatly improved.The status of enterprises as the main body of innovation has been further enhanced, and R&D funds have accounted for 76.4% of the national total, which is the main body of scientific and technological investment; Technology contracts and turnover account for 91.5% of the national total, which is the main body of technology output. A number of innovative leading enterprises have emerged, with small and medium-sized scientific and technological enterprises and high-tech enterprises exceeding 200,000. The innovation vitality of universities and research institutes has been further enhanced. In 2019, 3,450 universities and research institutes signed nearly 420,000 technology contracts with a contract amount of 94 billion yuan.

  Fifth, the ability of open cooperation in science and technology has been greatly improved.Intergovernmental scientific and technological cooperation has developed steadily, and the scientific and technological partnership plan has been implemented in depth. We have set up joint research and development plans and innovation funds around sustainable development, conducted joint research with more than 50 countries and regions, and deeply participated in a number of major international scientific projects. The "Belt and Road" cooperation in scientific and technological innovation has achieved remarkable results. The basic frontier special projects of the national key R&D plan and the excellent youth fund projects of the National Natural Science Foundation are open to Hong Kong and Macao.

  Wang Zhigang said that the five capabilities of scientific and technological innovation have played an important role in promoting the high-quality development of China’s economy, improving people’s lives, optimizing the ecological environment, building an innovative culture, and winning the battle against poverty, pollution prevention and control, and epidemic prevention and control. Based on the current situation, building a well-off society in an all-round way will provide more abundant material conditions and broader application prospects for scientific and technological innovation; Facing the future, scientific and technological innovation will provide stronger development impetus and open up new development space for the next step of building a socialist modern power.