A probe into life in Tantric nun, Tibet: you need an exam to be a nun (Figure)






A picture of Tibetan nuns’ life home


  Among the believers who devote their lives to Tibetan Buddhism, there are not only those tough men, but also some pure and gentle women They are called nuns. They are far away from the world, studying hard in the nunnery (nunnery) with closed doors, praying devoutly, observing the precepts and suffering themselves, and trying to knock on the door of their ideal "transcendental world" with a holy heart …


  In Tibet, there are many temples, most of which are Lamaism temples, but few in buddhist nun. However, some of them are quite famous. For example, there are buddhist nun in Lhasa, such as Mimiqinre Temple (site), Gali Temple, Langgu Temple, Canggong Temple and Anai Changku Temple. Before the reform, buddhist nun in Tibet was often overcrowded. In recent years, not only many nuns have returned to buddhist nun, but also some young girls and young women have gone to temples to have their hair cut.


  Some nuns who practice in buddhist nun come from noble or wealthy families, some from dilapidated noble families, and some from ordinary people’s families. When a girl goes to buddhist nun to practice, she must first find an old Nidang Normator, who is responsible for the education and management of her moral conduct. Then ask the famous living Buddha to shave her hair. After praying and chanting, the living Buddha cut off the last lock of hair on the little girl’s head, indicating that her six roots are clean and unattached.


  Every nun in Arjunnan Zongsandan Peilin has to go through a certain procedure from leaving home, becoming a single monk, joining a religious organization, living in a monastery and starting their new life-religious life. Every nun who becomes a monk or accepts the "three returns", that is, converts to Buddhism, Buddhism, monks and Sambo, must be in good health, firmly believe in religion, stick to the precepts and study the scriptures wholeheartedly before entering the monastery.


  Tide into the temple


  Shaving one’s hair is a rule for Buddhists to become monks and accept precepts. Before entering the temple, every nun in Qiong Peilin, the third patriarch of Arjunnan, usually needs to find a nun who is high in morality, good in knowledge and has a certain reputation in the temple, that is, she has been formally incorporated into the temple organization to be her own "Yi Zhi Shi", and this "Yi Zhi Shi" must be approved by the temple before she can be accepted as a disciple, and then the "Yi Zhi Shi" will be a new one in her Buddhist temple. Shave off the braid on the top of the head for the new disciple, put on the vestments before the Buddha Sakyamuni statue, give him the dharma name, and give him the precepts to become Shamini.


  Being a nun requires an exam.


  In order to control, regulate and manage monks and nuns, the major monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism have set up a system of entering the temple. In Arjun Nanzong nuns’ Temple, nuns who have been shaved into the temple must first go through the "teacher-in-charge" word by word, teach the various teachings and teaching methods practiced by the Sect, especially master and be familiar with the basic contents of "daily recitation". Only after passing the trial examination can they be accepted as formal nuns of the religious organization or the temple, and they are eligible to participate in various ritual ceremonies held in the temple.


  When you first enter the temple, you have to pay for dinner.


  Generally, when each new nun enters the temple for the first time (enters the Dajingtang) to participate in the "daily recitation", she should present Hada, and give the temple gifts such as tea or 5 to 10 yuan money as far as she can. This nun has to kowtow to the Buddha three to seven times before she can be included in the "daily recitation". Since then, I have been affiliated with this temple and obtained the qualification of a nun in this temple. This procedure of entering the temple is different in various temples of Tibetan Buddhism, from simple to complicated.


  In old buddhist nun, new nuns also invited nuns to eat and drink in the whole nunnery. Those who had a banquet for one day could get the title of "Qize Guxue", and those who had a banquet for two days could get the title of "Qize Guxue". The nuns who had obtained these two titles could not participate in the collective chanting and be exempted from all labor. In addition to eating and drinking, depending on family circumstances, new nuns will also give offerings to nuns, such as pottery pots, highland barley, ghee or card mats.


  If the standard can’t read, the new nun will also ask a scribe to teach her to read the scriptures. Learn Tibetan first, then learn the Karoma Sutra (Manjusri Ode), and then learn the Zhuo Ma Duiba Sutra (Dum Ode). In addition, we should also read Buddhist scriptures such as Lama Quba, Molonglangji, Jovajiuzhu and Zhuomalang Dangmani.


  A nun between the ages of 7 and 20 should be ordained by a novice monk.


  Nuns between the ages of 7 and 20 are subject to the novice monk precept. The bar mitzvah ceremony is presided over by a living Buddha, with four "Gelong" (monks) as assistants. The ordained place is usually in the temple or the living Buddha’s tin residence. The living Buddha who presided over the ceremony calculated the date of initiation according to the birthdates of each ordained nun. The nuns who participated in the ordained ceremony sent ghee, rice cake, flour and other foods to the ordained place before the ordained ceremony. The ordained place (oratory) is solemn and mysterious, with the statue of Sakyamuni hanging on the front and the statue of the ordained nun on both sides. The living Buddha ascended the altar, and four monks sat on both sides. The ordained nun sits on a Tibetan carpet opposite the living Buddha, wearing a yellow cassock and a red cassock, with a belt "Gru" (net kettle).


  In groups of three, the ordained nuns went to the Living Buddha in sequence, held out their right hand, and at the same time grabbed a "Quzha" (water filter) with their left hand to filter out all evil thoughts. The living Buddha grabbed the nun’s right palm and asked, "Would you like to be ordained?" A: "Yes!" Then I put forward 36 commandments, such as no drinking, no lewdness, no lying, no stealing, no killing, etc. The living Buddha asked and the nun answered. After the question and answer, the living Buddha solemnly announced: "From now on, you are ordained people!" " Then the nun bowed down three times and accepted the living Buddha to touch the top, and the nun presented gifts to the living Buddha.


  Every nun has to think of a dharma name. After being ordained, I will not eat after noon for 7 days, but only drink butter tea. The first thing to do when I get up every morning is to kneel before the idol, meditate on the 36 commandments, reflect on them one by one, and pray: "Before the sun rises today, I kept the commandments everywhere. If there is a violation of the precepts, please forgive God Frodo! "


  Those scriptures that have been fixed since ancient times, sung by devout women, have a unique charm and vivid power, and the profound philosophy conveyed by the clear and sweet voice.