Christmas is coming again, another day when reindeer are flying in the sky, Christmas trees are placed at home, and there are presents under the trees.
However, although friends are no longer unfamiliar with the way of celebrating Christmas in the West, do you know how these customs originated? The British "Daily Telegraph" summarized 10 customs of celebrating Christmas and their origins. We have made a comb for everyone, and friends may wish to play while gaining knowledge.
Christmas cardChristmas Card
Having helped set up the Public Records Office (now the Post Office), Sir Henry Cole and artist John Horsley created the first Christmas card in 1843 as a way of encouraging people to use its services.After helping to set up the public archives (later developed into a modern post office), Sir Henry Cole and artist John horsley made the world’s first Christmas card together in 1843 to encourage people to use the services of the public archives.
Cards cost a shilling (equivalent to almost 5.75 now) and stamps a penny (about 40p at modern prices). Advances in printing brought prices down, making cards hugely popular by the 1860s. By 1900 the custom of sending Christmas cards had spread throughout Europe.At that time, a Christmas card was worth a shilling (about 5.75 pounds now) and a stamp was worth a penny (about 40 pence today). Advances in printing made cards and stamps cheaper, and Christmas cards became extremely popular in the 1860s. By 1900, the custom of giving Christmas cards had spread all over Europe.
Christmas treeThe Christmas Tree
While Christmas trees have been around for a millennium in northern Europe, the first one did not appear in the UK until the 1830s. When Prince Albert put up a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle in 1841, he started what became an evergreen trend.Although the Christmas tree has been popular in northern Europe for nearly a thousand years, it was not until the 1930s that the first real Christmas tree was built in Britain. In 1841, when Prince Albert put up the Christmas tree for the first time at Windsor Castle, he started this enduring tradition.
Baiguo pieMince Pies
Early mince pies were made of meat, fruit and spice and inspired by Middle Eastern cuisine brought back by the Crusaders.Inspired by the Middle Eastern diet brought back by the Crusades, the early hundred-fruit pies contained meat stuffing, fruits and spices.
They commonly had 13 ingredients representing Christ and the Apostles, and were formed in a large oval shape to represent the manger. Meat had disappeared from the recipe by Victorian times, although beef suet is often still included.Generally speaking, a hundred-fruit pie contains 13 kinds of raw materials, representing Jesus and the twelve apostles respectively. The oval shape of the pie represents the manger where Jesus was born. Since the Victorian era, the ingredients no longer contain meat stuffing, but butter is still a common raw material.
Leaving stockings out at Christmas goes back to the legend of St Nicholas. Known as the gift giver, on one occasion he sent bags of gold down a chimney at the home of a poor man who had no dowry for his unmarried daughters. The gold fell into stockin gs left hanging to dry. St Nicholas was later referred to by the Dutch as Sinterklaas and eventually, by English-speakers, as Santa Claus.The tradition of putting up Christmas stockings at Christmas dates back to the deeds of saint nicholas. He is a charitable person. There was once a poor man who couldn’t afford his daughter’s dowry, so he threw several bags of gold into his house along the family’s chimney. The gold just fell into the socks hanging in the fireplace to dry. Saint nicholas was later called "Sinterklaas" by the Dutch, and finally called "Santa Claus" by people in English-speaking countries.
Holly and ivyHolly and ivy
Synonymous with Christmas and the subject of a traditional British folk carol, both holly and ivy were originally used in pre-Christian times to celebrate the winter solstice. As they provide a rare splash of colour in the darkes t month of the year, their popularity has endured.These two plants are synonymous with Christmas, and they are also the theme of a traditional English folk song. Holly and ivy were used to celebrate the winter solstice long before Christianity. They rarely add a touch of color to the earth in the darkest month of the year, so they have always been popular.
Christmas CrackerChristmas crackers
London sweet-maker Tom Smith invented Christmas crackers in the late 1840s, inspired by traditional, paper-wrapped French bonbons. Even though he included mottos or riddles inside each, it was not until he found a way to make them “crack” when pulled apart that sales took off. His sons Tom, Walter and Henry later added hats and novelty gifts.Tom smith, a London-based candy maker, invented Christmas firecrackers in the late 1840s, inspired by the small candies in traditional French paper rolls. Although he put proverbs and riddles in every firecracker, the sales volume has not been very good. It was not until he found a way to "explode" firecrackers when they were pulled open that the sales volume soared. His sons Tom, Walter and Henry later added small hats and novel gifts to firecrackers.
Turkeys originated in Mexico and were first brought to Britain in 1526 by William Strickland. Henry VIII enjoyed turkey and although the bird became fa shionable in high society in the late 19th century it was Edward VII who made it de rigueur at Christmas for the middle classes.The custom of eating turkey originated in Mexico and was first introduced to Britain by William Strand in 1526. Henry VIII likes to eat turkey very much. Although this dish became a favorite of the upper class in the late 19th century, it was ultimately a necessary holiday activity for Edward VII to turn eating turkey into a middle class.
Even by 1930, however, it took a week’s wages to buy one and turkey remained a luxury until the 1950s.But even in 1930, it took a week’s salary to buy a turkey, so eating turkey was a luxury until the 1950s.
Christmas puddingChristmas Pudding
Also known as plum or figgy pudding, this Christmas staple possibly has its roots as far back as the Middle Ages in a wheat-based pottage known as frumenty. By the mid 17th century, it was thicker and had developed into a dessert with the addition of eggs, dried fruit and alcohol.Christmas pudding is also called plum pudding or figgy pudding. This Christmas main course may be traced back to a medieval food called milk porridge, which is mainly made of wheat. By the mid-17th century, it gradually became thicker and became a dessert with eggs, dried fruits and alcohol.
In Victorian times plum pudding was a Christmas favourite. It is traditionally made a week before Advent on what is known as “stir-up Sunday”.Plum pudding was one of the favorite foods of Christians in Victorian times. Traditionally, plum pudding is made the week before Advent, which is called "Wake-up Sunday".
Hanging mistletoe in the home is an ancient pagan practice adopted by early Christians. The word itself is Anglo-Saxon and the tradition of kissing und er the mistletoe originated in England. Each kiss required a berry to be plucked until none remained.Hanging a bunch of mistletoe in the house is a practice that early Christians absorbed from ancient pagan customs. The word itself is Anglo-Saxon, and the tradition of kissing under mistletoe originated in England. Pick a mistletoe berry for each kiss until it is finished.
Christmas carolChristmas Carols
Carols were songs and dances of praise and joy in pagan times and the practice of carol singing carried over into the Christian era. Carols have been w ritten through the centuries but the most familiar date from Victorian times. Today, popular songs such as Bing Crosby’s White Christmas and Slade’s Merry Xmas Everybody are just as much a part of Christmas as carols.Ode is a form of song and dance used to express praise and pleasure in pagan times, and the habit of singing carols was later brought into the Christian era. Christmas carols have been created for centuries, but the most famous ones are Victorian ones. Today, popular Christmas songs include bing crosby’s "White Christmas" and Slade’s "Merry Christmas". These carols are all part of Christmas.
How’s it going? Have you gained a lot of new knowledge? When you play with your friends, don’t forget to give them popular science. Merry Christmas to everyone!
Editor: Zhu XingyuanInternship Editor: Hong Zehua
Source: China Daily Bilingual News.