After 15 years of taking root in wildlife protection, he said that the biodiversity in Chengdu is beyond imagination.

He wears a pair of glasses, speaks politely, and smiles when talking about animals. This is the impression that Red Star journalists saw Wu Jiawei.
Wu Jiawei is the Secretary-General of the Expert Advisory Committee on the Protection and Management of Wild Animals and Plants and the Prevention and Control of Epidemic Focuses and Diseases in Chengdu. Since childhood, he has been with nature and turned his hobby into a career. From playing in the fields and observing animals as a child, to participating in scientific research projects in college, and now insisting on wildlife protection for 15 years, Wu Jiawei has always been rooted in his passionate field.
"The biodiversity of Chengdu is far beyond our imagination. With the deepening of research, there are many surprises." Wu Jiawei said, "With the development of the city, many other species can still survive in the city. This scene of harmony between man and nature can enhance the happiness of people living in this city."
▲ Wu Jiawei
Take root in wildlife protection for 15 years
"Only by finding a better way to get along with nature can development be sustainable"
Wu Jiawei still remembers the scene of running in the farmland of Chengdu Chadianzi District when he was a child. In the 1990s, there were many native wild animals in the tea shops. Chasing dragonflies in the ridges and catching frogs in the fields became Wu Jiawei’s initial natural enlightenment.
"I found a frog before, with a triangular figure and a tree-ring style on the back. I gave him a name in my observation diary, the tree frog. Later, I learned that it was actually a striped frog. " Wu Jiawei said that it was these childhood experiences that aroused his interest in exploring nature. "People living in the world, seeing other lives and interacting with other lives, will be curious and happy from the heart."
Wu Jiawei majored in forestry in university. During his college years, he was invited to participate in the field investigation of amphibians and reptiles in southwest mountainous areas led by many research institutes at home and abroad. During this period, he went to Dulong River area at the border of Yunnan and Myanmar, Gaoligong Mountain, Xishuangbanna at the border of Yunnan and Laos, Daliangshan District in Sichuan and Qionglai Mountain to conduct field investigation. After graduation, he took root in the field of wildlife protection, which lasted for 15 years.
Over the years, hard work and tiredness are nothing to work in the inaccessible field, and Wu Jiawei has also encountered many dangers. Once doing a bird survey in Dujiangyan, Wu Jiawei accidentally fell off a cliff, but fortunately he hung on a branch. Although he encountered many difficulties, Wu Jiawei still described his work as "lucky". "Fortunately, I have been doing the same thing for decades and doing research with scientists, and I have never been separated from the relationship with wild animals. He also went to more than 20 countries to exchange and study, and discussed how the community can participate in nature protection and how to protect wild animals and plants, thus forming a person’s life accumulation. These are the gains of life. "
Speaking of harvest, Wu Jiawei shared his impressive experience. In Pingwu, Mianyang, Wu Jiawei launched a sustainable management project of Chinese herbal medicine resources, established a professional production cooperative, and provided suggestions for farmers on the sustainable collection and utilization of Chinese herbal medicines, so as to increase farmers’ income by planting medicinal materials and opening up sales channels. "Through sustainable collection and utilization, Chinese herbal medicines have brought sustainable economic income to the local area." In addition to economic income, it has also brought a lot of changes to the local environment. The villagers participated in the independent management of Chinese herbal medicine projects and also protected the habitat of giant pandas. "Let the local people know about knowledge of nature, improve their awareness of environmental protection, and at the same time promote the local economic development. Only by finding such a balance and finding a better way for local residents to get along with nature can development be sustainable. "
In June, 2012, Wu Jiawei received the award certificate of "Equator Award" at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, which was a great affirmation by the international community for the work done by China NGOs in community and nature protection. "My job can make more people feel nature and live in harmony with nature, which makes me feel gratified."
Participate in the protection of ecological environment and biodiversity in Chengdu.
"Chengdu’s biodiversity is beyond imagination"
As a native of Chengdu, Wu Jiawei also participated in the protection of Chengdu’s ecological environment and biodiversity.
Yunqiao Village, located in Pidu District, Chengdu, is an important drinking water source in Chengdu, where three rivers, namely Xuyan River, Baimu River and Baitiao River, pass through. In 2008, Wu Jiawei and his colleagues discovered a wetland in Yunqiao Village, and began to carry out environmental protection and restoration management here. "After investigation, we found that although Yunqiao Wetland has the characteristics of wetland ecosystem, the development of this small wetland is very slow due to the interference of surrounding human activities."
After years of protection and management, the area of Yunqiao Wetland has expanded, and the natural background data has become more and more abundant. Wu Jiawei was pleasantly surprised to tell the reporter that a new species of blue-nosed partridge was also discovered in Yunqiao Wetland. "This species was officially named by scientists in March 2020, which is also the discovery of a rare new species of vertebrates in Chengdu Plain." Wu Jiawei said that it is very rare to find this in densely populated areas. "This also shows that in Pidu District, because of the primitive environment of rivers and wetlands, it provides a living environment for blue-nosed thrush."
"There is another interesting thing. Have you noticed the gecko in Chengdu?" Wu Jiawei said with a smile, "It is the gecko that I often saw lying on the wall when I was a child. Now I can see it in parks or some old buildings. You may not think that this gecko is a new species that has never been named. It was named’ Chengdu Gecko’ this year. "
Wu Jiawei told reporters that scientists used to think that the gecko species in Chengdu was a webbed-toed gecko widely distributed in China, but neglected the research on this gecko species. "With the development of morphology and biology, scientists found that the gecko species in Chengdu are different from other species. Because of the particularity of Chengdu Plain, there is a high mountain barrier, which is a kind of geographical isolation. This species has its own characteristics, so it was named’ Chengdu Gecko’."
"The biodiversity of Chengdu is far beyond our imagination. With the deepening of research, there are many surprises." Wu Jiawei said that while the city develops, many other species can still survive in the city, which shows that the development of the city is not destructive to nature, but can coexist harmoniously with nature. Wu Jiawei said that Chengdu has a good habitat environment, geographical isolation conditions and many endemic species. "And Chengdu is the intersection of East Asia and Central Asia in bird migration. On the whole, Chengdu’s biodiversity is very good."
According to the Announcement of Forest Resources and Forestry Ecological Status in Chengdu in 2020 jointly issued by Chengdu Park Urban Construction Administration and Chengdu Academy of Agriculture and Forestry in August this year, the biodiversity resources in Chengdu were comprehensively and systematically released for the first time. At present, there are five types of ecosystems in Chengdu: forest, wetland, farmland, grassland and city. There are 4,459 species of vascular plants and 700 species of terrestrial wild vertebrates.
"Chengdu is a park city, and the city is full of greenery. This is a concept of sustainable development, taking into account urban development and the protection of the natural environment. Keeping the city’s green business card is also conducive to the development of science. " Wu Jiawei said, "Because of the rich background resources, Chengdu has great biodiversity potential. I also hope that Chengdu can strengthen ecological protection and scientific research, vigorously develop popular science and youth education, and support more parks and communities to participate in environmental protection, so that park cities can develop better from generation to generation."
Some pictures of Red Star journalist Peng Jing were provided by the interviewees.
Editor Chen Yixi
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