On February 8, 2017, employees of Daoxiang Village in Beijing stepped up the production of Yuanxiao, which was roughly screened out. China News Service reporter Yang Kejia photo
BEIJING, Beijing, February 10 (Qiu Yu) On the fifteenth day of the first month, a bowl of hot dumplings is an essential food. China is known as "Yuanxiao in the north and Tangyuan in the south". So, are Tangyuan and Yuanxiao the same food?
How to distinguish Yuanxiao from Tangyuan?
Many people think that Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are the same thing, but the names of the north and the south are different.
In fact, Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are completely different, the essential difference lies in the production process: Yuanxiao is rolled out, while Tangyuan is wrapped out.
"When making Yuanxiao, you should first make the stuffing, dip it in water, and then throw it into a container filled with glutinous rice flour and shake it; Then dip in water, continue to roll glutinous rice flour, and repeat it many times to make it gradually round and bigger. " Guo Yaping, quality director of Beijing Daoxiangcun Food Co., Ltd. told reporters that Yuanxiao is generally made by hand and is now sold.
She said, the making method of glutinous rice balls is like wrapping jiaozi. First, dry glutinous rice flour is added with water to form dough, and then the dough is used to wrap stuffing, which is rounded and quickly frozen for easy storage. Tangyuan is mostly made by machines.
They also have different appearances. After the Lantern Festival is cooked, there will be a "velvet head" on the surface, that is, flour floating powder. When the pot is cooked, the flour is mixed with water and the soup is milky white. Yuanxiao expands rapidly after cooking, which is bigger than glutinous rice balls. The dumpling skin is made of dry glutinous rice flour and water, which has good cohesion, smoother surface and clear boiled soup.
In addition, from the taste point of view, Yuanxiao is more biting and has a prominent glutinous rice noodle flavor; Tangyuan is soft and glutinous, and the smell of glutinous rice is not obvious.
Although there is a saying that "Yuanxiao is in the north and Tangyuan is in the south", Guo Yaping said that with the flow of population, the food culture is integrated, and now both Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are sold in the northern market. However, in the south, dumplings are mostly produced.
Daoxiang village workers check the stuffing of Yuanxiao. China News Service reporter Yang Kejia photo
What should I pay attention to when eating Yuanxiao dumplings?
Due to the different production techniques, the preservation methods of Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are also different.
Eat Yuanxiao as soon as possible after buying it. Dr. Liu Xiaoyi from Beijing Center for Food Safety Monitoring and Risk Assessment pointed out that the glutinous rice flour on the outer layer of Yuanxiao made by traditional techniques is easy to absorb water, and its taste will change after cold storage, and improper storage will lead to microbial growth and deterioration. Therefore, Yuanxiao is mostly sold now, and the shelf life is mostly two or three days.
He suggested that the freshly made Yuanxiao should be eaten as soon as possible, and those that can’t be eaten should be kept in the refrigerator and eaten as soon as possible within two days.
Tangyuan has a longer shelf life. Liu Xiaoyi said that after quick freezing, the storage period of glutinous rice balls is generally 6 months to 12 months, the best storage temperature is below -18℃, and they can be eaten at any time during the shelf life, which is convenient and fast.
On February 7, 2017, many Beijing residents bought traditional halal Yuanxiao handmade by a traditional Beijing snack bar. China News Service reporter Cui Nan photo
Can you buy Yuanxiao dumplings in the market with confidence?
Recently, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Jiangxi and other places have conducted random inspections on Yuanxiao (glutinous rice balls), and no unqualified products have been detected.
The reporter learned from Beijing Food and Drug Administration that as of February 7, this year, Beijing Food and Drug Administration has sampled 126 batches of Yuanxiao and Tangyuan products from manufacturers and markets. The sampling results show that all 126 samples are qualified, and the qualified rate is 100%.
Official website, the State Food and Drug Administration, announced the sampling notices of Yuanxiao (Tangyuan) in Tianjin, Hebei, Jiangxi and other places, and the results showed that all of them were qualified.
In addition to the traditional Yuanxiao and glutinous rice balls, there is now a kind of glutinous rice balls with colored skin on the market, which looks very good after cooking. Some people worry, "Is artificial pigment used?"
In this regard, Liu Xiaoyi said that from the inspection of multicolored pigments by Beijing Food and Drug Administration, these pigments are made of purple, yellow and green fruit and vegetable juices, which are natural pigments in food and can be safely eaten.
Daoxiang Village employees step up production of Yuanxiao. China News Service reporter Yang Kejia photo
How to choose a satisfactory dumpling?
At present, there are many kinds of Yuanxiao and Tangyuan sold online and offline. How should consumers choose them?
According to the "Tips for Purchasing Yuanxiao and Tangyuan" issued by Beijing Food and Drug Administration, we should choose from four aspects: brand, storage conditions, appearance and taste.
First, choose a brand. Try to choose the products of brand enterprises with large scale and good product quality and service quality. These enterprises have strong technical force, strict quality control of raw materials, advanced production equipment, strict process control and guaranteed product quality.
Second, look at the storage conditions. At present, most of the products sold in supermarkets are quick-frozen glutinous rice balls and Yuanxiao. Quick-frozen products should be sold under frozen conditions. Never buy products with frost or ice slag. Frost or ice slag indicates that the storage temperature of the products is unstable, which will easily lead to an increase in the acid value of the products, and will also make the microorganisms of the products exceed the standard, which will have a great impact on the product quality.
Third, look at the appearance. A good glutinous rice dumpling, Yuanxiao, is uniform in color, basically round in shape, basically the same in size, uniform in thickness of the cortex, without stuffing, cracks, impurities visible to the naked eye and mildew spots. Bad products are dull and uneven in color, with different characters and sizes, and some are cracked and exposed.
Fourth, by taste. A good glutinous rice dumpling, the skin is sticky and slippery, the color is white, and the stuffing is delicate; No rancidity, no odor. Poor quality glutinous rice balls are rough and inelastic, and their taste is often too sweet or oily.