On November 6, 1948, the Huaihai Campaign started, and our People’s Liberation Army advanced to the front.
Situation map of Huaihai campaign
On November 16th, 1948, the Central Military Commission decided to set up the General Front Committee of Huaihai Campaign with Deng Xiaoping as its secretary to take overall command of Huaihai Campaign. The picture shows the members of the General Front Committee (from right) Tan Zhenlin, Chen Yi, Liu Bocheng, Deng Xiaoping and Su Yu.
The 73rd Regiment of the Ninth Column of the East China Field Army was awarded the honorary title of "Jinan First Regiment" by the Central Military Commission.
On January 10, 1949, the Huaihai Campaign ended successfully, and our army advanced with victory, and a large number of prisoners were taken to the rear.
January 10th is the 60th anniversary of the victory of the famous Huaihai Campaign. The campaign lasted 66 days from November 6, 1948 to January 10, 1949. With 600,000 troops, the China People’s Liberation Army defeated nearly 800,000 enemy troops, annihilated more than 555,000 elite Kuomintang troops, liberated vast areas north of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and laid the foundation for the People’s Liberation Army to cross the river and liberate all of China.
The scale of this campaign, the length of time and the number of enemies wiped out left a great chapter in the history of China war and even the world war. General Chi Haotian, who witnessed the Huaihai Campaign that year, wrote an article for this newspaper, recalling this thrilling battle 60 years ago.
Sixty years ago, in the Huaihai Campaign, our army wiped out more than 550,000 Kuomintang troops in one fell swoop, which liberated the vast area north of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and sounded the death knell of the Chiang family dynasty. At that time, I was in the 73rd regiment of the 9th column of the East China Field Army, which was awarded the honorary title of "Jinan 1st Regiment" by the Central Military Commission. Although it has been 60 years, the thrilling battle scenes are still vivid and unforgettable.
Rushed into Huang Baitao headquarters.
After the Huaihai Campaign started, I was transferred from the machine gun company to the 7 th company as an instructor because Peng Chao, the instructor of our regiment, was injured. Company 7 is a heroic company of our regiment, and has won honorary titles such as "Jiaodong Fighting Model Company", "Gaomi City First Company" and "Changsheng Company". When attacking the inner city in the battle of Jinan, the commanders and men of the whole company braved the enemy’s intensive firepower and took the lead in boarding the city head, which played a key role in opening the city of Jinan. After the war, Company 7 was awarded the title of "Jinan company of heroes". I am very happy to go to company 7, but I also feel pressure. Director Wang Jisheng of the Youth League Political Department encouraged me to say, "Chi Haotian can do it boldly, and I believe you can do it well organizationally."
The day after the victory of Jinan Campaign, the Central Military Commission decided to hold the Huaihai Campaign. During the short-term training and consolidation, we carried out the education that "the army will move forward, the production will grow by an inch, the discipline will be strengthened, and the revolution will be invincible", and everyone will be mentally prepared to fight a big battle. On October 25th, inspired by the slogan "Carry forward the honor of’ Jinan First Regiment’ and make new contributions to the liberation of East China", we went south from Shandong to Huaihai battlefield.
The objective of the first stage of the Huai Hai Campaign was to wipe out Huang Baitao’s 7th Corps. Huang Baitao is a right-hand man of Chiang Kai-shek. In the Battle of Menglianggu, our regiment fought "three battles against Huangya Mountain", and the opponent was the 25th BGF Division with Huang Baitao as the teacher. Later, Huang Baitao came to attack Jiaodong together with Li Mi’s 8th BGF Division and 9th, 54th and 64th BGF Divisions, and made wild remarks, saying that the People’s Liberation Army in Jiaodong should "get to the sea to feed the fish". Huang Baitao owes a lot of blood to the Shandong people, and we must not let him go!
According to Hua Ye’s deployment, when we were preparing to attack Huang Baitao Corps entrenched in Xin ‘an Town and Ahu area on November 8th, Huang Baitao quickly retreated to the west according to the order of Xuzhou’s "suppression general". We caught up, crossed Longhai Road, crossed the Shuhe River to the west, and went straight for the canal. On the March, I led everyone to sing "Pursuit Song": "Catch up, catch up, don’t let the enemy gasp! Catch up, catch up, don’t let the enemy run away! "
In order to boost morale, I told you the story of the "Ten-man Bridge" published in the newspaper Victory: When the 2nd Battalion of the 27th Division Weixian Regiment crossed a river more than ten meters wide, ten comrades, including Fan Xuefu, the deputy platoon leader, jumped into the cold water, divided into five pairs and carried the wooden bridge, so that the troops could pass smoothly and catch up with the enemy in time. This heroic deed inspired everyone. The comrades of the whole company were in high spirits and pursued at a speed of 140 Li every day. On the afternoon of the 11th, they arrived in Gao Qiao, south of Nianzhuang, and together with the brothers column, surrounded the Huang Baitao Corps in a narrow area with only a dozen square kilometers around Nianzhuang.
Nianzhuang is located in Pixian County, west of the Canal and north of Longhai Road. The surrounding terrain is flat and open, and the villages are densely populated. There are two earth dikes around it, and the outer dike is surrounded by water. The trench water is 30 to 50 meters wide and about 2 meters deep, so you can’t just wade in. There is also a 1-2.5-meter-high embankment inside the embankment, which is steep and difficult to climb. Huang Baitao added many bunkers, light and dark bunkers, trenches and hidden parts overnight, and there were three Abatis and barbed wire outside the trenches. The whole defense system is criss-crossing and extremely complicated.
On November 17th, our column, together with the 8th column, launched an attack on the enemy of Nianzhuangwei at the same time. Our 73rd regiment took the main attack on the front of Nianzhuangwei, but three attacks failed. Nie Fengzhi, the commander of the column, and Xiao Jinghai, the teacher, went to the front of the position to hold a "Zhuge Lianghui". Work with company cadres to study the reasons for the defeat. At that time, leading comrades paid great attention to promoting military democracy and listened to everyone’s opinions with an open mind, and we were not at home in front of the heads. Commander Nie asked us what difficulties we had, and I reflected that explosives were easy to get wet, and they were finally sent to the front, but they could not be blown up, which affected the combat effect. He paid great attention to this opinion and immediately instructed that the explosives distributed to the company must be wrapped in oil paper and not be wet. Whoever has problems will be asked. Since then, there has never been a loss due to the moisture of explosives. I also pointed out that the main reason for the defeat of the attack was that the enemy’s dark fire point was not accurately touched, and the traffic trench was 100 meters away from the water trench, and the commandos exposed the attack for a long time, causing serious casualties. Commander Nie said after listening: "Well said!" Immediately decided to send a reconnaissance team to find out the enemy’s bunker, continue to close the operation, dig the traffic trench all the way to the enemy’s water trench, so as to avoid premature exposure and increase casualties, and at the same time do a good job in the coordinated operation of infantry, heavy machine guns and artillery. At night, I took three squad leaders to look at the terrain carefully, conduct fire reconnaissance, and get a clear picture of the enemy’s bunker.
At midnight on the 19th, after careful preparation, we launched a fierce attack on Nianzhuangwei again. In the early morning of the 20th, the 73rd Regiment triumphed over Zhuangwei, and the 3rd Battalion converging on the headquarters of the 7th Regiment along the street. The company commander Xiao Xiqian and I took the 7th Company to attack from street south to street north, and rushed into the headquarters of Huang Baitao, and seized a brand-new American jeep in Huang Baitao, with a pair of ivory mahjong and a copper hot pot on it, which became our trophies. In this battle, we captured more than 1000 Kuomintang troops.
The unexpected results of the night March
After the Huang Baitao Corps was wiped out, the General Front Committee of Huaihai Front was determined to cooperate with the main force of the Central Plains Field Army with the East China Field Army to panic in the 12th Corps of Huang Wei, who was aggressive alone. On November 25th, the Central Plains Field Army surrounded the Stevie Hoang Corps in Shuangduiji area in the southwest of Suxian County. Du Yuming Group was ordered by Chiang Kai-shek to give up Xuzhou in an attempt to solve the siege of Huang Wei. The head of the East China Field Army is determined to pursue with 10 columns and two independent brigades. Commander Nie ordered us not to be afraid of disrupting the organizational system, but to disrupt the enemy in the pursuit. So, on the vast land of Xu Huai, hundreds of thousands of armies from both sides intertwined with each other.
Xiao Lianchang and I marched with 7 companies in a row, and hardly slept for two days and two nights. Soldiers with machine guns and mortars on their shoulders were so tired that some of them fell asleep while walking and bumped into comrades in front. My eyelids don’t work. I’m always fighting. At this time, morale is most needed. I patted my head hard and mobilized everyone to overcome fatigue while walking. All the comrades in the company are good, although their feet are covered with blood bubbles, they are still flying like arrows, and we take a shortcut to the west at night.
This big chase was thrilling. The East China Field Army started with a tail chase, then pursued in parallel, and finally intercepted the head of the Kuomintang army fleeing to the west. Our two legs once again passed the wheel of the car. The Du Yuming Group, which retreated hastily, was in chaos, with the crash of cars, guns, mules and horses, and the cries and abuse of soldiers and their families.
At 2 o’clock in the morning on December 3, our company 7 was in the middle of an emergency March, and we vaguely saw a group of people marching in the same direction not far away. A clever soldier felt something was wrong and pressed his ear to report to me: "Instructor, the team next to him may be the enemy!" " My heart thumped, and I immediately became alert. I quickly opened the pistol safety and quietly told him, "Keep quiet and pay attention to observation." Immediately deploy company alert. At this time, the voice of the question and answer password came from the side. When I listened carefully, it was all southern accents, and I thought it must be Kuomintang soldiers. Because there are many southerners in the Kuomintang troops, most of our troops are northerners.
I reported the situation to Wang Jisheng, director of the political department of the regiment, who was working with the 3rd Battalion. He looked carefully and saw that the officers in the next team were really enemies, wearing big hats. What should we do? This kind of war has never been fought. After quietly discussing with me and the leaders of the battalion, Wang Jisheng decided not to disturb the enemy first, but to find a way to attack before and after and force the enemy to submit.
So, the soldiers whispered one by one, knowing that the Kuomintang soldiers were marching next to them, quietly pressed the bullets and prepared for the battle. When marching to favorable terrain, our comrades in the whole battalion jumped to their feet. Stop the Kuomintang troops at both ends and shout in unison: "Give up your gun and don’t kill!"
"What are you doing? What for? How come you don’t even know your family? " Kuomintang soldiers shouted in a hurry, and before they understood what was going on, they obediently became prisoners. As soon as the number of people was counted at dawn, everyone jumped up with joy: boy, I surrendered the enemy’s guns in the dark, but I didn’t know there were more Kuomintang soldiers captured than our whole battalion.
"Shoot down a tank with one shot"
After three days and nights of circuitous pursuit and interception, the East China Field Army completed its campaign against Du Yuming Group. The Du Yuming Group, which was besieged within a dozen kilometers of Fiona Fang in the area of Chenguanzhuang, was starved of water and food, so it plundered the people, slaughtered the army horses, and even dug a rat hole for food. It was an unspeakable horror. Since late December. After several days of heavy snow, it was white everywhere, and the temperature suddenly dropped. The Kuomintang soldiers gathered in the fields and gullies were frozen and hungry, and countless people died. With the strong support of the people, our army has sufficient food and ammunition supply and high morale. I asked the soldiers to persuade the enemy to surrender and disintegrate with the broadcast tube, and at the same time lure the Kuomintang soldiers with steamed bread and other food. At dinner. Everyone shouted, "Brothers Jiang Jun, we have hot buns and big steamed buns here. Come and have some! We promise not to shoot … "Those hungry Kuomintang soldiers kept sneaking out to beg for food from our army. Some soldiers joked: "As long as there is a steamed bread, you can catch the prisoners."
On January 6th, 1949, our army launched a general attack on Du Yuming Group. Our 9th platoon is the main assault mission in the west and northwest. On the position of the 73rd regiment, the 7th company covered the 3rd battalion’s attack. The tanks of the Kuomintang army sprayed flames and rushed to the position of the 7 th company. The soldiers used their quick wits to dig some small pits in front of the trenches, piled sorghum stalks, corn stalks and hay, and ignited thick smoke. The Kuomintang tanks couldn’t figure out what tactics this was, but when the enemy’s "turtle shell" was shrinking, we stepped up the repair of bunkers and fortifications, and connected the trenches into an organic whole. Some trenches were dug into the positions of the Kuomintang army, and "tunnel warfare" was launched, forcing the Kuomintang army to retreat step by step.
At dawn on January 10, the sky was just bright, the cold wind was blowing hard, and the air was mixed with strong smell of gunpowder and poisonous gas released by the Kuomintang army. The extremely tired soldiers were sleeping in the trenches with guns. I was worried about the attack by Kuomintang soldiers, and I took turns working the night shift with the company commander, and my eyes were red and swollen for several nights. After checking the whistle, I found a depression and wanted to "facilitate", but because of continuous lack of water and fire, my stool was dry and hard, so I couldn’t pull it out. At this time, suddenly there was a "rumbling" motor sound from a distance. I realized that it was the tanks of the Kuomintang army and hurriedly called the trumpeter to blow the horn. The rapid bugle call is really effective, which not only dispels the fatigue, but also discharges the stool happily. I immediately organized to meet the enemy.
There are more than 20 tanks of the Kuomintang army. Under the interception of our army, 11 tanks were left when we rushed to our regiment’s position. Everyone feels very fresh about playing tanks, and they are in high spirits and are not afraid at all. I said, "Chiang Kai-shek sent tanks. Let’s have a taste of’ gnawing’ tanks. Hundreds of thousands of enemies have been wiped out. How many "tortoise shells" can they escape? Our armor-piercing projectile is its’ nemesis’ and will definitely hit it upside down! " The soldiers shouted, "Hit, hit, hit it upside down!" "
I took the squad leader Tao Renxiang and the soldiers Li Hongge and Li Biao, and rushed to intercept them with rocket launchers and explosives. The tank soldiers of the Kuomintang fired at once, but there was no aim in the hurry. We dodged the enemy’s gunfire warily, crawled forward quickly a few times, and got close to the tank. Then we calmly took up the rocket launcher in a sitting posture, with only one armor-piercing bullet. It hit the right front side of the tank. With the violent explosion, Tanqueray emitted a cloud of smoke, but it was still struggling to run. Tao Renxiang was angry. He rushed to the tank with his bare hands. He climbed up at once and shouted, "Don’t kill me!"
The tank cover was lifted, and four Kuomintang soldiers came out with guns in their hands, trembling and shouting, "Stop fighting, let’s surrender our guns!" " A tall man, led by me, begged me and said, "Sir, we surrender. I am Chen Rongji, the company commander of the third company of the first chariot regiment." We haven’t eaten for several days, and our stomachs are hungry. Can you get us something to eat? " The rest of the Kuomintang tanks were scared and ran away. Our regiment immediately concentrated all the rocket launchers and chased them closely by the captured car. I also took a few soldiers, got into a car and watched a tank chase them. With the cooperation of the brothers, all the enemy tanks were finally stopped.
A few days later, the newspaper Victory, engraved in wax form by the Political Department of the Ninth Column, published a press release I wrote: "Shoot a Tank with One Shot".
A memory that will never be erased.
The Huaihai Campaign, which shocked China and foreign countries, lasted 66 days, wiped out 555,000 elite Kuomintang troops in one fell swoop and accelerated the process of victory in the War of Liberation. In order to win, we paid a heavy price. In the past few days, everyone has been fighting with an empty stomach. Li Zhenjun, the squad leader of the kitchen in his forties, found a horse that was killed, cut off four legs of the horse and carried it back in sacks. He tried to make buns for the soldiers, but no one responded. Only after asking did we know that there were only more than 30 people left in our 120 casualties, and monitor Li was so sad that he fell on the ground and cried. The meal was ready, but everyone silently buried their heads and refused to eat, all immersed in the grief of losing their comrades.
At this time, I remembered a conversation with the instructor when I attacked Dou Zhuang. It was December 7th, and our regiment joined forces with the 74th regiment to attack Douzhuang. The Kuomintang army guarding Douzhuang is an infantry regiment plus a mountain artillery battalion, and there are a large number of tanks, which have strong firepower and extremely fierce resistance. Moreover, the terrain is flat and wide, which is not conducive to attacks. Our regiment once broke into the village, but under the strong counterattack of the enemy, we had to return and work on the spot. With the support of heavy artillery fire, the Kuomintang army dispatched a large number of tanks and infantry to fight back. This fight is extremely fierce and cruel. More than a dozen of our cadres died, and the casualties in the 3rd Battalion were also very serious. The battalion commander Wang Yuzhi and the deputy political instructor were injured, and the leg of the deputy battalion commander was broken. The battalion leader at the forefront of the position was left with the political instructor Guo Kuiwu.
During the interval of the battle, Guo Kuiwu came to Company 7. He asked about the situation in the company with concern and asked me, "Xiao Chi, do you have anything to eat here?" My stomach is so hungry! " Guo Kuiwu is a model communist party member, my leader when I was studying in Kangda University, and the former security chief of the regiment. He just turned 28 this year, and only recently talked about the object. The woman is a beautiful nurse in the division medical team. When I went to the medical team to change the dressing for the wound, I sent a letter to her for Guo Kuiwu several times.
I took out my cake and handed it to Guo’s instructor. As soon as he broke it in half, he ate half of it himself and returned the other half to me. This is made of sorghum flour by the common people in the past. Because it is cold, the cake is as hard as a stone, and it takes a lot of effort to swallow it. The two of us squatted in the ditch, chewing the cake with difficulty and chatting. The instructor said: "among the students who graduated from Kangda University, you have made the fastest progress, and now you have become a company-level cadre." You must continue to work hard and win glory for the 73 rd regiment. "
In the face of the grim situation of stalemate between the enemy and ourselves, we all feel very heavy when we look at the injured comrades. Guo Kuiwu said: "Hao Tian, this battle has been fought well, which is remarkable;" If we can’t play well, we all want to see Marx. Let’s make an agreement. If I die, you can send a message to my home. If you die, I’ll send a message to your family. You are still young. If one of us dies, count me in. "
On the battlefield, everyone will think of death, but as a revolutionary soldier, no one is afraid of death. We both took only the party card with us, burned all the small notebooks that we usually remember, and prepared for sacrifice. At this time, I can talk with my comrades and feel relaxed. I comforted the instructor and said, "Kuomintang soldiers are nothing, don’t think so much!" " Guo Kuiwu smiled faintly: "Don’t underestimate them. There are several times more enemies in front of us, and our back road is broken."
At this time, the two sides confronted each other in the trenches, shouting and cursing, and shooting at each other with cold guns. One class in the eighth company was suppressed by the enemy’s fire, and it was very dangerous to withdraw or get in. Instructor Guo said very anxiously, "Xiao Chi, you cover well and I’ll go to the front." After that, he hunched over and ran to the front along the trench.
In order to suppress the arrogance of the Kuomintang soldiers, the instructor commanded the counterattack at the forefront and organized troops to shout at the Kuomintang soldiers. There was a Kuomintang soldier in the trench, shouting in a broken gong-like voice: "Comrades, we are the new fifth army, surrender quickly, and our tanks will come soon." This angered instructor Guo, who flew into a rage, stuck his head out of the ditch, jumped up and cursed at the enemy: "What are you, turtle sons of the Kuomintang, bastards and lackeys of American imperialism?" Lao Tzu is a victorious PLA. When did he surrender? You must surrender quickly! " Guo Kuiwu’s left chest was hit by a bullet from the Kuomintang soldiers, and he immediately fell in a pool of blood. When several soldiers and I dragged him into the trench, he had stopped breathing. I shouted desperately, "instructor, instructor!" ….. "He was talking to me alive just now, but now he closed his eyes forever. I can’t accept this reality. I ordered the whole company to fire together and knocked down several Kuomintang soldiers outcropping in the opposite trench.
After liberation, whenever I visit the tomb of the martyrs, I always think of the scene where instructor Guo talked with me and those comrades who fought with me and fell beside me. When I saw the newly renovated and lush cemetery of martyrs, I felt comforted; When I heard about the random demolition and destruction of the martyrs’ cemetery, my mood was extremely heavy. We can’t forget that today’s happy life is the result of the blood and lives of thousands of martyrs in Qian Qian!
The Huaihai Campaign lasted 66 days. Our army defeated nearly 800,000 Kuomintang troops with 600,000 men. The scale of this campaign, the length of time and the number of enemies wiped out are rare not only in the history of China war, but also in the history of world war. We achieved such a great victory, first of all, because of the wise decision of the first generation of the party’s leading collective with Mao Zedong at the core, the excellent command of the General Front Committee composed of Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, Deng Xiaoping, Su Yu and Tan Zhenlin, and the heroic fighting of the vast number of officers and men. But the most fundamental reason is that the reactionary and corrupt Chiang Kai-shek clique has completely lost the popular support, while communist party and the People’s Liberation Army have won the heartfelt support and support of the people of the whole country. Our army participated in the Huai Hai Campaign with 600,000 troops, and more than 5 million people participated in the support. It’s really a rolling wheel, vigorous. Mr. Chen put it well: "The victory of Huaihai Campaign was pushed out by ordinary people in small cars." Many soldiers in the Kuomintang army were arrested by able-bodied men, who were unwilling to work for Chiang Kai-shek. However, after being captured by us, through complaining education, we learned who to be a soldier and who to fight for, immediately took up arms and fought with us, and bravely took the lead. Many people captured in the first stage of the campaign became squad leaders in the third stage. At that time, the Kuomintang army had planes, tanks and cannons, and its weapons and equipment were much better than ours, but we defeated Chiang Kai-shek by uniting the army and the people and the officers and men. Our party comes from the people, is rooted in the people, and firmly believes that the people are the real heroes of historical materialism, which can never be lost.This is the people-oriented spirit that we advocate today.
(The writer is a former member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, former vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, former State Councilor and Minister of National Defense, and general. )
Related links huaihai campaign information.
In 1948, at the critical moment of the development of the War of Liberation, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to adopt Su Yu’s suggestion and jointly hold the Huaihai Campaign with 600,000 troops including the East China Field Army and the Central Plains Field Army of the People’s Liberation Army, so as to wipe out the main forces of the Kuomintang troops in the areas north of Huaihe River, south of Longhai Road and east of Pinghan Road. The Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC) decided to be composed of Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, Deng Xiaoping, Su Yu and Tan Zhenlin, with Deng Xiaoping as the secretary to command the Huaihai Campaign in a unified way.
Time: November 6, 1948 to January 10, 1949, a total of 66 days.
The whole campaign is divided into three stages. The first stage: On November 6, 1948, the East China Field Army branched south. On the 8th, Kuomintang troops He Jifeng and Zhang Kexia led more than 20,000 people to the battlefield uprising. On the 10th, our army divided Huang Baitao Corps and surrounded it in Nianzhuang area east of Xuzhou. After 10 days of fierce fighting from village to village, more than 100,000 enemy troops were wiped out on the 22nd, and Huang Baitao, commander of the enemy corps, committed suicide. At the same time, in order to cooperate with the battle, the Central Plains Field Army attacked the Xu (Zhou) clam (port) line. On November 16th, Su County was conquered and the strategic encirclement of Xuzhou was completed.
The second stage: On November 23, the Central Plains Field Army surrounded 12 divisions of the Huangwei Corps who came from Central China to reinforce in the Shuangduiji area southwest of Suxian County. On the 28th, Chiang Kai-shek was forced to make a strategic retreat for Xuzhou defenders. Liu Zhi, commander-in-chief of Xuzhou "suppression general", withdrew to Bengbu, while Du Yuming, deputy commander-in-chief, stayed in Xuzhou for command. On December 1, the enemy abandoned Xuzhou and fled southwest. On the 4th, the pursuit troops of the East China Field Army surrounded Xuzhou with fleeing enemies. On the 6th, the enemy Sun Yuanliang Corps attempted to break through and was annihilated. Sun Yuanliang fled alone. On the same day, the Central Plains Field Army and the East China Field Army concentrated the superior forces of nine columns and launched a general attack on the Huang Wei Corps. After fierce fighting, by the 15th, more than 120,000 people were wiped out and Huang Wei was captured alive. Since then, in order to cooperate with the Peiping-Tianjin campaign, in accordance with the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s unified deployment, the Duji regiment was encircled and not annihilated, and the troops had a 20-day rest.
The third stage: From January 6 to 10, 1949, the East China Field Army launched a general attack on the besieged Du Yuming Group. After four days of fighting, it wiped out 300,000 soldiers from Qiu Qingquan and Li Mi, captured Du Yuming and killed Qiu Qingquan, and Li Mi escaped.
PLA troops participating in the war: the East China Field Army, the Central Plains Field Army, the troops of the East China and Central Plains Military Regions, and some troops of the Hebei-Shandong-Henan Military Region, totaling about 600,000 people.
I support former migrant workers: 5.43 million people, including army migrant workers, second-line transfer migrant workers and temporary migrant workers in the rear, 206,000 stretchers, 880,000 vehicles, 355,000 carriers, 8,500 boats and 257 cars. 7.3 million kilograms of ammunition and 215 million kilograms of grain were transported from the rear to the front, and more than 110,000 wounded people were transported from the front to the rear.
Troops of the Kuomintang Army participating in the war: Liu Zhi, commander-in-chief of Xuzhou "Suppression General", four regiments of Huang Baitao, Qiu Qingquan, Li Mi and Sun Yuanliang under the command of Du Yuming, and four troops of Suiqing District, Feng Zhian, Li Yannian, Liu Ruming and Zhou Yan, together with Huang Wei Corps who came to reinforce from Central China, two troops who retreated from the northeast battlefield to Bengbu during the campaign and two troops who reinforced from the middle reaches of the Yangtze River to Pukou, with a total strength of nearly 800,000.
Results: Destroyed and fought for the uprising, and surrendered to the Kuomintang army’s five corps headquarters, 22 military headquarters and 56 divisions, with a total of more than 555,000 people. They killed the corps commanders Huang Baitao and Qiu Qingquan, captured the deputy commander of the "suppression general" Du Yuming and the corps commander Huang Wei, and wiped out Chiang Kai-shek’s elite troops on the southern battlefield, basically liberated the vast areas in East China and the Central Plains north of the Yangtze River, and placed Nanjing, the center of reactionary Kuomintang rule, under the direct threat of the People’s Liberation Army.
In the Huaihai Campaign, our People’s Liberation Army suffered more than 130,000 casualties.
Editor: Liu Li