Chi Haotian: A Biography of Huaihai Campaign

On November 6, 1948, the Huaihai Campaign started, and our People’s Liberation Army advanced to the front.

Situation map of Huaihai campaign

  On November 16th, 1948, the Central Military Commission decided to set up the General Front Committee of Huaihai Campaign with Deng Xiaoping as its secretary to take overall command of Huaihai Campaign. The picture shows the members of the General Front Committee (from right) Tan Zhenlin, Chen Yi, Liu Bocheng, Deng Xiaoping and Su Yu.

The 73rd Regiment of the Ninth Column of the East China Field Army was awarded the honorary title of "Jinan First Regiment" by the Central Military Commission.

On January 10, 1949, the Huaihai Campaign ended successfully, and our army advanced with victory, and a large number of prisoners were taken to the rear.

  January 10th is the 60th anniversary of the victory of the famous Huaihai Campaign. The campaign lasted 66 days from November 6, 1948 to January 10, 1949. With 600,000 troops, the China People’s Liberation Army defeated nearly 800,000 enemy troops, annihilated more than 555,000 elite Kuomintang troops, liberated vast areas north of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and laid the foundation for the People’s Liberation Army to cross the river and liberate all of China.

  The scale of this campaign, the length of time and the number of enemies wiped out left a great chapter in the history of China war and even the world war. General Chi Haotian, who witnessed the Huaihai Campaign that year, wrote an article for this newspaper, recalling this thrilling battle 60 years ago.

  Sixty years ago, in the Huaihai Campaign, our army wiped out more than 550,000 Kuomintang troops in one fell swoop, which liberated the vast area north of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and sounded the death knell of the Chiang family dynasty. At that time, I was in the 73rd regiment of the 9th column of the East China Field Army, which was awarded the honorary title of "Jinan 1st Regiment" by the Central Military Commission. Although it has been 60 years, the thrilling battle scenes are still vivid and unforgettable.

  Rushed into Huang Baitao headquarters.

  After the Huaihai Campaign started, I was transferred from the machine gun company to the 7 th company as an instructor because Peng Chao, the instructor of our regiment, was injured. Company 7 is a heroic company of our regiment, and has won honorary titles such as "Jiaodong Fighting Model Company", "Gaomi City First Company" and "Changsheng Company". When attacking the inner city in the battle of Jinan, the commanders and men of the whole company braved the enemy’s intensive firepower and took the lead in boarding the city head, which played a key role in opening the city of Jinan. After the war, Company 7 was awarded the title of "Jinan company of heroes". I am very happy to go to company 7, but I also feel pressure. Director Wang Jisheng of the Youth League Political Department encouraged me to say, "Chi Haotian can do it boldly, and I believe you can do it well organizationally."

  The day after the victory of Jinan Campaign, the Central Military Commission decided to hold the Huaihai Campaign. During the short-term training and consolidation, we carried out the education that "the army will move forward, the production will grow by an inch, the discipline will be strengthened, and the revolution will be invincible", and everyone will be mentally prepared to fight a big battle. On October 25th, inspired by the slogan "Carry forward the honor of’ Jinan First Regiment’ and make new contributions to the liberation of East China", we went south from Shandong to Huaihai battlefield.

  The objective of the first stage of the Huai Hai Campaign was to wipe out Huang Baitao’s 7th Corps. Huang Baitao is a right-hand man of Chiang Kai-shek. In the Battle of Menglianggu, our regiment fought "three battles against Huangya Mountain", and the opponent was the 25th BGF Division with Huang Baitao as the teacher. Later, Huang Baitao came to attack Jiaodong together with Li Mi’s 8th BGF Division and 9th, 54th and 64th BGF Divisions, and made wild remarks, saying that the People’s Liberation Army in Jiaodong should "get to the sea to feed the fish". Huang Baitao owes a lot of blood to the Shandong people, and we must not let him go!

  According to Hua Ye’s deployment, when we were preparing to attack Huang Baitao Corps entrenched in Xin ‘an Town and Ahu area on November 8th, Huang Baitao quickly retreated to the west according to the order of Xuzhou’s "suppression general". We caught up, crossed Longhai Road, crossed the Shuhe River to the west, and went straight for the canal. On the March, I led everyone to sing "Pursuit Song": "Catch up, catch up, don’t let the enemy gasp! Catch up, catch up, don’t let the enemy run away! "

  In order to boost morale, I told you the story of the "Ten-man Bridge" published in the newspaper Victory: When the 2nd Battalion of the 27th Division Weixian Regiment crossed a river more than ten meters wide, ten comrades, including Fan Xuefu, the deputy platoon leader, jumped into the cold water, divided into five pairs and carried the wooden bridge, so that the troops could pass smoothly and catch up with the enemy in time. This heroic deed inspired everyone. The comrades of the whole company were in high spirits and pursued at a speed of 140 Li every day. On the afternoon of the 11th, they arrived in Gao Qiao, south of Nianzhuang, and together with the brothers column, surrounded the Huang Baitao Corps in a narrow area with only a dozen square kilometers around Nianzhuang.

  Nianzhuang is located in Pixian County, west of the Canal and north of Longhai Road. The surrounding terrain is flat and open, and the villages are densely populated. There are two earth dikes around it, and the outer dike is surrounded by water. The trench water is 30 to 50 meters wide and about 2 meters deep, so you can’t just wade in. There is also a 1-2.5-meter-high embankment inside the embankment, which is steep and difficult to climb. Huang Baitao added many bunkers, light and dark bunkers, trenches and hidden parts overnight, and there were three Abatis and barbed wire outside the trenches. The whole defense system is criss-crossing and extremely complicated.

  On November 17th, our column, together with the 8th column, launched an attack on the enemy of Nianzhuangwei at the same time. Our 73rd regiment took the main attack on the front of Nianzhuangwei, but three attacks failed. Nie Fengzhi, the commander of the column, and Xiao Jinghai, the teacher, went to the front of the position to hold a "Zhuge Lianghui". Work with company cadres to study the reasons for the defeat. At that time, leading comrades paid great attention to promoting military democracy and listened to everyone’s opinions with an open mind, and we were not at home in front of the heads. Commander Nie asked us what difficulties we had, and I reflected that explosives were easy to get wet, and they were finally sent to the front, but they could not be blown up, which affected the combat effect. He paid great attention to this opinion and immediately instructed that the explosives distributed to the company must be wrapped in oil paper and not be wet. Whoever has problems will be asked. Since then, there has never been a loss due to the moisture of explosives. I also pointed out that the main reason for the defeat of the attack was that the enemy’s dark fire point was not accurately touched, and the traffic trench was 100 meters away from the water trench, and the commandos exposed the attack for a long time, causing serious casualties. Commander Nie said after listening: "Well said!" Immediately decided to send a reconnaissance team to find out the enemy’s bunker, continue to close the operation, dig the traffic trench all the way to the enemy’s water trench, so as to avoid premature exposure and increase casualties, and at the same time do a good job in the coordinated operation of infantry, heavy machine guns and artillery. At night, I took three squad leaders to look at the terrain carefully, conduct fire reconnaissance, and get a clear picture of the enemy’s bunker.

  At midnight on the 19th, after careful preparation, we launched a fierce attack on Nianzhuangwei again. In the early morning of the 20th, the 73rd Regiment triumphed over Zhuangwei, and the 3rd Battalion converging on the headquarters of the 7th Regiment along the street. The company commander Xiao Xiqian and I took the 7th Company to attack from street south to street north, and rushed into the headquarters of Huang Baitao, and seized a brand-new American jeep in Huang Baitao, with a pair of ivory mahjong and a copper hot pot on it, which became our trophies. In this battle, we captured more than 1000 Kuomintang troops.

  The unexpected results of the night March

  After the Huang Baitao Corps was wiped out, the General Front Committee of Huaihai Front was determined to cooperate with the main force of the Central Plains Field Army with the East China Field Army to panic in the 12th Corps of Huang Wei, who was aggressive alone. On November 25th, the Central Plains Field Army surrounded the Stevie Hoang Corps in Shuangduiji area in the southwest of Suxian County. Du Yuming Group was ordered by Chiang Kai-shek to give up Xuzhou in an attempt to solve the siege of Huang Wei. The head of the East China Field Army is determined to pursue with 10 columns and two independent brigades. Commander Nie ordered us not to be afraid of disrupting the organizational system, but to disrupt the enemy in the pursuit. So, on the vast land of Xu Huai, hundreds of thousands of armies from both sides intertwined with each other.

  Xiao Lianchang and I marched with 7 companies in a row, and hardly slept for two days and two nights. Soldiers with machine guns and mortars on their shoulders were so tired that some of them fell asleep while walking and bumped into comrades in front. My eyelids don’t work. I’m always fighting. At this time, morale is most needed. I patted my head hard and mobilized everyone to overcome fatigue while walking. All the comrades in the company are good, although their feet are covered with blood bubbles, they are still flying like arrows, and we take a shortcut to the west at night.

  This big chase was thrilling. The East China Field Army started with a tail chase, then pursued in parallel, and finally intercepted the head of the Kuomintang army fleeing to the west. Our two legs once again passed the wheel of the car. The Du Yuming Group, which retreated hastily, was in chaos, with the crash of cars, guns, mules and horses, and the cries and abuse of soldiers and their families.

  At 2 o’clock in the morning on December 3, our company 7 was in the middle of an emergency March, and we vaguely saw a group of people marching in the same direction not far away. A clever soldier felt something was wrong and pressed his ear to report to me: "Instructor, the team next to him may be the enemy!" " My heart thumped, and I immediately became alert. I quickly opened the pistol safety and quietly told him, "Keep quiet and pay attention to observation." Immediately deploy company alert. At this time, the voice of the question and answer password came from the side. When I listened carefully, it was all southern accents, and I thought it must be Kuomintang soldiers. Because there are many southerners in the Kuomintang troops, most of our troops are northerners.

  I reported the situation to Wang Jisheng, director of the political department of the regiment, who was working with the 3rd Battalion. He looked carefully and saw that the officers in the next team were really enemies, wearing big hats. What should we do? This kind of war has never been fought. After quietly discussing with me and the leaders of the battalion, Wang Jisheng decided not to disturb the enemy first, but to find a way to attack before and after and force the enemy to submit.

  So, the soldiers whispered one by one, knowing that the Kuomintang soldiers were marching next to them, quietly pressed the bullets and prepared for the battle. When marching to favorable terrain, our comrades in the whole battalion jumped to their feet. Stop the Kuomintang troops at both ends and shout in unison: "Give up your gun and don’t kill!"

  "What are you doing? What for? How come you don’t even know your family? " Kuomintang soldiers shouted in a hurry, and before they understood what was going on, they obediently became prisoners. As soon as the number of people was counted at dawn, everyone jumped up with joy: boy, I surrendered the enemy’s guns in the dark, but I didn’t know there were more Kuomintang soldiers captured than our whole battalion.

  "Shoot down a tank with one shot"

  After three days and nights of circuitous pursuit and interception, the East China Field Army completed its campaign against Du Yuming Group. The Du Yuming Group, which was besieged within a dozen kilometers of Fiona Fang in the area of Chenguanzhuang, was starved of water and food, so it plundered the people, slaughtered the army horses, and even dug a rat hole for food. It was an unspeakable horror. Since late December. After several days of heavy snow, it was white everywhere, and the temperature suddenly dropped. The Kuomintang soldiers gathered in the fields and gullies were frozen and hungry, and countless people died. With the strong support of the people, our army has sufficient food and ammunition supply and high morale. I asked the soldiers to persuade the enemy to surrender and disintegrate with the broadcast tube, and at the same time lure the Kuomintang soldiers with steamed bread and other food. At dinner. Everyone shouted, "Brothers Jiang Jun, we have hot buns and big steamed buns here. Come and have some! We promise not to shoot … "Those hungry Kuomintang soldiers kept sneaking out to beg for food from our army. Some soldiers joked: "As long as there is a steamed bread, you can catch the prisoners."

  On January 6th, 1949, our army launched a general attack on Du Yuming Group. Our 9th platoon is the main assault mission in the west and northwest. On the position of the 73rd regiment, the 7th company covered the 3rd battalion’s attack. The tanks of the Kuomintang army sprayed flames and rushed to the position of the 7 th company. The soldiers used their quick wits to dig some small pits in front of the trenches, piled sorghum stalks, corn stalks and hay, and ignited thick smoke. The Kuomintang tanks couldn’t figure out what tactics this was, but when the enemy’s "turtle shell" was shrinking, we stepped up the repair of bunkers and fortifications, and connected the trenches into an organic whole. Some trenches were dug into the positions of the Kuomintang army, and "tunnel warfare" was launched, forcing the Kuomintang army to retreat step by step.

  At dawn on January 10, the sky was just bright, the cold wind was blowing hard, and the air was mixed with strong smell of gunpowder and poisonous gas released by the Kuomintang army. The extremely tired soldiers were sleeping in the trenches with guns. I was worried about the attack by Kuomintang soldiers, and I took turns working the night shift with the company commander, and my eyes were red and swollen for several nights. After checking the whistle, I found a depression and wanted to "facilitate", but because of continuous lack of water and fire, my stool was dry and hard, so I couldn’t pull it out. At this time, suddenly there was a "rumbling" motor sound from a distance. I realized that it was the tanks of the Kuomintang army and hurriedly called the trumpeter to blow the horn. The rapid bugle call is really effective, which not only dispels the fatigue, but also discharges the stool happily. I immediately organized to meet the enemy.

  There are more than 20 tanks of the Kuomintang army. Under the interception of our army, 11 tanks were left when we rushed to our regiment’s position. Everyone feels very fresh about playing tanks, and they are in high spirits and are not afraid at all. I said, "Chiang Kai-shek sent tanks. Let’s have a taste of’ gnawing’ tanks. Hundreds of thousands of enemies have been wiped out. How many "tortoise shells" can they escape? Our armor-piercing projectile is its’ nemesis’ and will definitely hit it upside down! " The soldiers shouted, "Hit, hit, hit it upside down!" "

  I took the squad leader Tao Renxiang and the soldiers Li Hongge and Li Biao, and rushed to intercept them with rocket launchers and explosives. The tank soldiers of the Kuomintang fired at once, but there was no aim in the hurry. We dodged the enemy’s gunfire warily, crawled forward quickly a few times, and got close to the tank. Then we calmly took up the rocket launcher in a sitting posture, with only one armor-piercing bullet. It hit the right front side of the tank. With the violent explosion, Tanqueray emitted a cloud of smoke, but it was still struggling to run. Tao Renxiang was angry. He rushed to the tank with his bare hands. He climbed up at once and shouted, "Don’t kill me!"

  The tank cover was lifted, and four Kuomintang soldiers came out with guns in their hands, trembling and shouting, "Stop fighting, let’s surrender our guns!" " A tall man, led by me, begged me and said, "Sir, we surrender. I am Chen Rongji, the company commander of the third company of the first chariot regiment." We haven’t eaten for several days, and our stomachs are hungry. Can you get us something to eat? " The rest of the Kuomintang tanks were scared and ran away. Our regiment immediately concentrated all the rocket launchers and chased them closely by the captured car. I also took a few soldiers, got into a car and watched a tank chase them. With the cooperation of the brothers, all the enemy tanks were finally stopped.

  A few days later, the newspaper Victory, engraved in wax form by the Political Department of the Ninth Column, published a press release I wrote: "Shoot a Tank with One Shot".

  A memory that will never be erased.

  The Huaihai Campaign, which shocked China and foreign countries, lasted 66 days, wiped out 555,000 elite Kuomintang troops in one fell swoop and accelerated the process of victory in the War of Liberation. In order to win, we paid a heavy price. In the past few days, everyone has been fighting with an empty stomach. Li Zhenjun, the squad leader of the kitchen in his forties, found a horse that was killed, cut off four legs of the horse and carried it back in sacks. He tried to make buns for the soldiers, but no one responded. Only after asking did we know that there were only more than 30 people left in our 120 casualties, and monitor Li was so sad that he fell on the ground and cried. The meal was ready, but everyone silently buried their heads and refused to eat, all immersed in the grief of losing their comrades.

  At this time, I remembered a conversation with the instructor when I attacked Dou Zhuang. It was December 7th, and our regiment joined forces with the 74th regiment to attack Douzhuang. The Kuomintang army guarding Douzhuang is an infantry regiment plus a mountain artillery battalion, and there are a large number of tanks, which have strong firepower and extremely fierce resistance. Moreover, the terrain is flat and wide, which is not conducive to attacks. Our regiment once broke into the village, but under the strong counterattack of the enemy, we had to return and work on the spot. With the support of heavy artillery fire, the Kuomintang army dispatched a large number of tanks and infantry to fight back. This fight is extremely fierce and cruel. More than a dozen of our cadres died, and the casualties in the 3rd Battalion were also very serious. The battalion commander Wang Yuzhi and the deputy political instructor were injured, and the leg of the deputy battalion commander was broken. The battalion leader at the forefront of the position was left with the political instructor Guo Kuiwu.

  During the interval of the battle, Guo Kuiwu came to Company 7. He asked about the situation in the company with concern and asked me, "Xiao Chi, do you have anything to eat here?" My stomach is so hungry! " Guo Kuiwu is a model communist party member, my leader when I was studying in Kangda University, and the former security chief of the regiment. He just turned 28 this year, and only recently talked about the object. The woman is a beautiful nurse in the division medical team. When I went to the medical team to change the dressing for the wound, I sent a letter to her for Guo Kuiwu several times.

  I took out my cake and handed it to Guo’s instructor. As soon as he broke it in half, he ate half of it himself and returned the other half to me. This is made of sorghum flour by the common people in the past. Because it is cold, the cake is as hard as a stone, and it takes a lot of effort to swallow it. The two of us squatted in the ditch, chewing the cake with difficulty and chatting. The instructor said: "among the students who graduated from Kangda University, you have made the fastest progress, and now you have become a company-level cadre." You must continue to work hard and win glory for the 73 rd regiment. "

  In the face of the grim situation of stalemate between the enemy and ourselves, we all feel very heavy when we look at the injured comrades. Guo Kuiwu said: "Hao Tian, this battle has been fought well, which is remarkable;" If we can’t play well, we all want to see Marx. Let’s make an agreement. If I die, you can send a message to my home. If you die, I’ll send a message to your family. You are still young. If one of us dies, count me in. "

  On the battlefield, everyone will think of death, but as a revolutionary soldier, no one is afraid of death. We both took only the party card with us, burned all the small notebooks that we usually remember, and prepared for sacrifice. At this time, I can talk with my comrades and feel relaxed. I comforted the instructor and said, "Kuomintang soldiers are nothing, don’t think so much!" " Guo Kuiwu smiled faintly: "Don’t underestimate them. There are several times more enemies in front of us, and our back road is broken."

  At this time, the two sides confronted each other in the trenches, shouting and cursing, and shooting at each other with cold guns. One class in the eighth company was suppressed by the enemy’s fire, and it was very dangerous to withdraw or get in. Instructor Guo said very anxiously, "Xiao Chi, you cover well and I’ll go to the front." After that, he hunched over and ran to the front along the trench.

  In order to suppress the arrogance of the Kuomintang soldiers, the instructor commanded the counterattack at the forefront and organized troops to shout at the Kuomintang soldiers. There was a Kuomintang soldier in the trench, shouting in a broken gong-like voice: "Comrades, we are the new fifth army, surrender quickly, and our tanks will come soon." This angered instructor Guo, who flew into a rage, stuck his head out of the ditch, jumped up and cursed at the enemy: "What are you, turtle sons of the Kuomintang, bastards and lackeys of American imperialism?" Lao Tzu is a victorious PLA. When did he surrender? You must surrender quickly! " Guo Kuiwu’s left chest was hit by a bullet from the Kuomintang soldiers, and he immediately fell in a pool of blood. When several soldiers and I dragged him into the trench, he had stopped breathing. I shouted desperately, "instructor, instructor!" ….. "He was talking to me alive just now, but now he closed his eyes forever. I can’t accept this reality. I ordered the whole company to fire together and knocked down several Kuomintang soldiers outcropping in the opposite trench.

  After liberation, whenever I visit the tomb of the martyrs, I always think of the scene where instructor Guo talked with me and those comrades who fought with me and fell beside me. When I saw the newly renovated and lush cemetery of martyrs, I felt comforted; When I heard about the random demolition and destruction of the martyrs’ cemetery, my mood was extremely heavy. We can’t forget that today’s happy life is the result of the blood and lives of thousands of martyrs in Qian Qian!

  The Huaihai Campaign lasted 66 days. Our army defeated nearly 800,000 Kuomintang troops with 600,000 men. The scale of this campaign, the length of time and the number of enemies wiped out are rare not only in the history of China war, but also in the history of world war. We achieved such a great victory, first of all, because of the wise decision of the first generation of the party’s leading collective with Mao Zedong at the core, the excellent command of the General Front Committee composed of Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, Deng Xiaoping, Su Yu and Tan Zhenlin, and the heroic fighting of the vast number of officers and men. But the most fundamental reason is that the reactionary and corrupt Chiang Kai-shek clique has completely lost the popular support, while communist party and the People’s Liberation Army have won the heartfelt support and support of the people of the whole country. Our army participated in the Huai Hai Campaign with 600,000 troops, and more than 5 million people participated in the support. It’s really a rolling wheel, vigorous. Mr. Chen put it well: "The victory of Huaihai Campaign was pushed out by ordinary people in small cars." Many soldiers in the Kuomintang army were arrested by able-bodied men, who were unwilling to work for Chiang Kai-shek. However, after being captured by us, through complaining education, we learned who to be a soldier and who to fight for, immediately took up arms and fought with us, and bravely took the lead. Many people captured in the first stage of the campaign became squad leaders in the third stage. At that time, the Kuomintang army had planes, tanks and cannons, and its weapons and equipment were much better than ours, but we defeated Chiang Kai-shek by uniting the army and the people and the officers and men. Our party comes from the people, is rooted in the people, and firmly believes that the people are the real heroes of historical materialism, which can never be lost.This is the people-oriented spirit that we advocate today.

  (The writer is a former member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, former vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, former State Councilor and Minister of National Defense, and general. )

  Related links huaihai campaign information.

  In 1948, at the critical moment of the development of the War of Liberation, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to adopt Su Yu’s suggestion and jointly hold the Huaihai Campaign with 600,000 troops including the East China Field Army and the Central Plains Field Army of the People’s Liberation Army, so as to wipe out the main forces of the Kuomintang troops in the areas north of Huaihe River, south of Longhai Road and east of Pinghan Road. The Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC) decided to be composed of Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, Deng Xiaoping, Su Yu and Tan Zhenlin, with Deng Xiaoping as the secretary to command the Huaihai Campaign in a unified way.

  Time: November 6, 1948 to January 10, 1949, a total of 66 days.

  The whole campaign is divided into three stages. The first stage: On November 6, 1948, the East China Field Army branched south. On the 8th, Kuomintang troops He Jifeng and Zhang Kexia led more than 20,000 people to the battlefield uprising. On the 10th, our army divided Huang Baitao Corps and surrounded it in Nianzhuang area east of Xuzhou. After 10 days of fierce fighting from village to village, more than 100,000 enemy troops were wiped out on the 22nd, and Huang Baitao, commander of the enemy corps, committed suicide. At the same time, in order to cooperate with the battle, the Central Plains Field Army attacked the Xu (Zhou) clam (port) line. On November 16th, Su County was conquered and the strategic encirclement of Xuzhou was completed.

  The second stage: On November 23, the Central Plains Field Army surrounded 12 divisions of the Huangwei Corps who came from Central China to reinforce in the Shuangduiji area southwest of Suxian County. On the 28th, Chiang Kai-shek was forced to make a strategic retreat for Xuzhou defenders. Liu Zhi, commander-in-chief of Xuzhou "suppression general", withdrew to Bengbu, while Du Yuming, deputy commander-in-chief, stayed in Xuzhou for command. On December 1, the enemy abandoned Xuzhou and fled southwest. On the 4th, the pursuit troops of the East China Field Army surrounded Xuzhou with fleeing enemies. On the 6th, the enemy Sun Yuanliang Corps attempted to break through and was annihilated. Sun Yuanliang fled alone. On the same day, the Central Plains Field Army and the East China Field Army concentrated the superior forces of nine columns and launched a general attack on the Huang Wei Corps. After fierce fighting, by the 15th, more than 120,000 people were wiped out and Huang Wei was captured alive. Since then, in order to cooperate with the Peiping-Tianjin campaign, in accordance with the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s unified deployment, the Duji regiment was encircled and not annihilated, and the troops had a 20-day rest.

  The third stage: From January 6 to 10, 1949, the East China Field Army launched a general attack on the besieged Du Yuming Group. After four days of fighting, it wiped out 300,000 soldiers from Qiu Qingquan and Li Mi, captured Du Yuming and killed Qiu Qingquan, and Li Mi escaped.

  PLA troops participating in the war: the East China Field Army, the Central Plains Field Army, the troops of the East China and Central Plains Military Regions, and some troops of the Hebei-Shandong-Henan Military Region, totaling about 600,000 people.

  I support former migrant workers: 5.43 million people, including army migrant workers, second-line transfer migrant workers and temporary migrant workers in the rear, 206,000 stretchers, 880,000 vehicles, 355,000 carriers, 8,500 boats and 257 cars. 7.3 million kilograms of ammunition and 215 million kilograms of grain were transported from the rear to the front, and more than 110,000 wounded people were transported from the front to the rear.

  Troops of the Kuomintang Army participating in the war: Liu Zhi, commander-in-chief of Xuzhou "Suppression General", four regiments of Huang Baitao, Qiu Qingquan, Li Mi and Sun Yuanliang under the command of Du Yuming, and four troops of Suiqing District, Feng Zhian, Li Yannian, Liu Ruming and Zhou Yan, together with Huang Wei Corps who came to reinforce from Central China, two troops who retreated from the northeast battlefield to Bengbu during the campaign and two troops who reinforced from the middle reaches of the Yangtze River to Pukou, with a total strength of nearly 800,000.

  Results: Destroyed and fought for the uprising, and surrendered to the Kuomintang army’s five corps headquarters, 22 military headquarters and 56 divisions, with a total of more than 555,000 people. They killed the corps commanders Huang Baitao and Qiu Qingquan, captured the deputy commander of the "suppression general" Du Yuming and the corps commander Huang Wei, and wiped out Chiang Kai-shek’s elite troops on the southern battlefield, basically liberated the vast areas in East China and the Central Plains north of the Yangtze River, and placed Nanjing, the center of reactionary Kuomintang rule, under the direct threat of the People’s Liberation Army.

  In the Huaihai Campaign, our People’s Liberation Army suffered more than 130,000 casualties.

Editor: Liu Li

In 2023, the total box office of the Spring Festival exceeded 4 billion, and Man Jiang Hong surpassed Wandering Earth 2 to become the box office champion.

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According to the data of Cat’s Eye Professional Edition, compared with the opening of the New Year’s Day, the box office record of the seven new films at this time has changed obviously. The movie Manjianghong surpassed Wandering Earth 2 in a single day, and Bears with Me "Bear Core" even surpassed Nobody to enter the top three. The movie "Man Jiang Hong" went down at the box office and even rushed to the hot search list.

In this regard, some people broke the news that the IMAX field, a special effects movie that should have played Wandering Earth 2, was filled with a non-special effects movie "Man Jiang Hong". Not only that, but also fans said that "Man Jiang Hong" stole the box office of "Nobody". On January 24th, the propagator of the movie "Man Jiang Hong" responded that the so-called "stealing box office" and "ghost field" of "Man Jiang Hong" was that someone deliberately hacked the film.

"China Table Tennis Jedi Counterattack" was difficult to break through at the box office yesterday.

The film China Ping-Pong’s Jedi Strike Back was influenced by many factors, and it was rescheduled from the first day of New Year’s Day to the third day of New Year’s Day. However, the overall situation of the Spring Festival has been decided. On the first day of its release, the sports film "China Ping-Pong’s Jedi Counter-Strike" had a box office of less than 50 million, with only 9.7% of the films arranged, and the attendance rate was only 14.5%, far lower than other films.

As a result, it has become the worst box office performance among the newly released films in the Spring Festival. At present, the professional version of Cat’s Eye Film predicts that China Ping-Pong will eventually have a box office of 250 million, which shows that the performance has been far below expectations.

Bears are still strong. The drama is not as good as the cartoon.

On the whole, this year’s Spring Festival box office drama is not as good as cartoons.

Parent-child group is still an important audience of the Spring Festival file. The animated film "Bear Haunted with Me" Bear Core "won the third place in the single-day box office, becoming the TOP3 in the same period with an expected box office of 1 billion+,and will also become the first 1 billion+movie in the series of animated IP.

From the perspective of return on investment, Bears with Me "Bear Core" is a cost-effective one, which also proves the importance of continuously cultivating IP value.

However, before its release, the animated film Deep Sea, the comedy Exchange of Life and the film Nobody with the top YiBo blessing failed to become dark horses.

From the word of mouth, "Exchange of Life" has been criticized as an embarrassment, far from reaching the level of Hi, Mom’s play. Although the collocation of Lei Jiayin and Zhang Xiaofei is innovative, it has been held back by the plot, and the counterattack after word of mouth fermentation may be extremely slim.

However, the movie atmosphere of The Unknown and Deep Sea does not match the image of "family fun" in the Spring Festival file, and the threshold of Guanyin is relatively high, and the possibility of counterattack is relatively low.

At present, the movie "Exchange of Life" has accumulated 236 million box office, and the final box office is predicted to be 369 million. The movie "Nobody" has a cumulative box office of 339 million, and it is predicted that the final box office will be 675 million; The movie Deep Sea has accumulated 218 million box office, and the final box office is predicted to be 612 million.

China has the second largest number of graduate students in the world.

Interface journalist | Chen Zhenfang

In 2022,ChinaThe number of graduate students studying has reached 3.65 million, ranking second in the world in total scale..During the ten years from 2012 to 2022,The proportion of professional degrees awarded increased from 32.29% to 56.4%.

On December 19th, the Ministry of Education held."Opinions on Further Promoting the Development of Classification of Academic Degree and Professional Degree Postgraduate Education" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions")Press conference to disclose the above data.

Department of Degree Management and Postgraduate Education, Ministry of EducationPoint out: "At present, the pattern of classified development of academic degree and professional degree graduate education has basically taken shape, and a system with China characteristics and coordinated development of two types and three degrees has been initially established.. "

In 1978,ChinaPostgraduate enrollment resumed. In 1980, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated the Regulations on Academic Degrees and established the academic degree system. It has been more than 40 years since then. In 1990,ChinaBegan to implement the professional degree education system.

in recent years, studyNumber of specialized studentsgraduallycatch up with and surpassXueshuo,Two types of talentshowThe topic of cultivation alsotriggereducational circlesAnd societyattach importance to.

Take graduate students in Tsinghua University as an example, academic degrees and professional degrees account for 55% and 45% respectively. Among them, master students are mainly professional degrees, accounting for more than 70%, while doctoral students are just the opposite, with academic degrees as the mainstream, accounting for 87%.

How to form a classified development pattern of graduate education, improve the setting of disciplines and specialties, and pay equal attention to two types of degree education have become the focus of this meeting.

The Catalogue of Postgraduate Education Disciplines released in 2022 (hereinafter referred to as the Catalogue) shows that changing the previous catalogue of professional degree categories is the presentation method of the schedule of the discipline catalogue, and integrating the first-level disciplines and professional degree categories with similar main knowledge bases into the corresponding disciplines, highlighting the equal importance of training two types of talents.

The Catalogue further enriched the categories of professional degrees, and the number increased from 47 to 67.,The number of doctoral authorization points for academic degrees has doubled compared with ten years ago..

Among them,The total number of professional degree authorization points has increased from 37.6% to 44.2% ten years ago, and the number of doctoral degree authorization points has tripled..

The goal is that by 2027, the development of two types of degree classification will achieve pattern changes, the governance system of degree and postgraduate education will continue to improve, and the governance capacity will be significantly improved.”《Opinions "Point out.

First of all,Systematically promote the development of academic degree and professional degree classification.

Second, we mustIt is clear that both academic degree and professional degree graduate education are important ways for the country to cultivate high-level innovative talents, and the two types of degrees are equally important, and training units should pay equal attention to them.

finally,Distinguish the key layout direction of the two types of degree programs, adhere to the high starting point layout of academic degrees, and focus on the layout of doctoral degree authorization points to vigorously support the original innovation..

Professional degrees adhere to the demand-oriented, new master’s degree awarding units only carry out professional degree postgraduate education in principle, and the new master’s degree authorization points are mainly professional degree authorization points..

ideastillpoint outIn the fields with both academic degrees and professional degrees, emphasis should be placed on the distribution of professional degree authorization points to fully support the industry and regional development.

The meeting also stressed that it is necessaryStrengthen the differentiated requirements of positioning, standards, enrollment, training, evaluation and teachers.Especially inIn the enrollment stage, we distinguish the key aspects of the two types of students’ enrollment, and emphasize the participation of industry and enterprise experts in professional degree enrollment.


The Fujian-Taiwan exchange exhibition of famous painters and calligraphers started the exhibition of 40 masterpieces by famous artists from both sides of the strait.

Event site. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
Southeast Network December 18 (reporter Lu Jinfu of this website) This morning, the launching ceremony of "Xianglong sent blessings to Fujian and Taiwan to welcome the new" was held in Taiwan Guild Hall. More than 60 people, including Taiwan compatriots, teachers in RongTaiwan Province, cross-strait marriages and families, and Chinese traditional culture lovers, attended.
Visit Taiwan Guild Hall. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
Organized by Fujian Institute of Socialism (Fujian Institute of Chinese Culture) and Fuzhou Taiwan Province Compatriots Association, the event provided more platforms for artists on both sides of Fujian and Taiwan to show and communicate, and deepened the sense of identity of a family on both sides of the strait.
This time, the exhibition of famous painters and calligraphers between Fujian and Taiwan will last until February 25th next year, featuring 40 masterpieces, including Taiwan Province’s famous painter and painter, master of comprehensive skills of salary award, artistic director of Hain Art Center, Lin Meiling, chairman of Taiwan Province Taichung Rongmei Heritage Association, and Liu Rongying, president of Taiwan Province Art and Cultural Innovation Center of Taiwan Province Chinese Consumers Association.
This time, Lin Meiling and Liu Rongying made a special trip to create two works for Fuzhou with the theme of Chinese crested tern, jasmine flower and Guling scenery, and donated them to Fuzhou Taiwan Club. Yang Jun, Party Secretary of Fuzhou Taiwan Federation, received the paintings donated by Lin Meiling and Liu Rongying on behalf of Taiwan Guild Hall.
Work donation. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
Work donation. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
Huang Xinrong, who is over 70 years old, graduated from the Fine Arts Department of Taiwan Province Normal University. As early as 1966, he began to study the research, design and creation of classical art pavilions, electric lanterns, altar, painting and sculpture. He traveled all over Taiwan Province Island, looking for cultural relics in Taiwan Province, and kept some historic features that he can no longer see in his painting art creation. In 2017, his oil painting "Lin Jia Gong Bao Di on Wufeng" won the Golden Lion Award for painting and calligraphy in the first China World Heritage Theme Culture Expo.
"Most of the traditional buildings in Taiwan Province are buildings with Minnan characteristics, which reflects the same origin of cross-strait cultures. I hope that through my own creation, history and culture can be preserved." Huang Xinyu said.
In 2017, Huang Xinyu came to Pingtan to participate in the Cross-Strait Common Home Forum, and felt the beauty of humanity and nature of the island, which aroused his creative desire. Soon after, he set up his own studio in Pingtan and spent seven years creating seven oil paintings with Pingtan as the theme.
"Every sea erosion landform and every stone mound in Pingtan is a painting, and it can become a work of art by a little embellishment and painting." He said that there are many traditional buildings in Fujian, and he hopes to live in Fuzhou for a period of time in the future and create oil paintings with the theme of three squares and seven lanes.
Art exhibition site. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
Lin Meiling is good at landscape painting. "Painting is the most important part of my life. There is always a sense of tranquility between strokes, just like being immersed in the atmosphere of nature, showing a myriad of changes." When talking about creative feelings, Lin Meiling said that the mind between paintings is full of different emotional combinations. When a work is finished and you are intoxicated in the painting, achievements and excitement will arise.
This is Lin Meiling’s second visit to Fuzhou, and she only passed Changle International Airport for the first time. Based on the pictures and written materials of Guling, she created this Guling landscape painting. This time, she plans to visit Sanfangqixiang, zhenhai tower and Hongshan Bridge in Fuzhou to appreciate the beauty of landscape and human landscape in Fuzhou. "The landscape of the mainland is very distinctive and provides a lot of inspiration for my creation." Lin Meiling said.
Taiwan Province artists create on the spot. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
During the activity, Taiwan Province painters also brought fans for the guests, wrote the word "Fu", made friends with calligraphy and painting, and painted rural rhymes with pen and ink, so as to describe the cross-strait cultural ties.
On the same day, the fourth lecture of "Minhai Lecture Hall" was held at the activity site, and Jiang Jinming, the first winner of the Lanting Award, the highest prize in China calligraphy art, was invited to give a lecture on "Seeking dreams and writing books, but being self-adaptive, caring and lazy"-a brief introduction to Mr. Yan Fu’s special lecture on his books. Compatriots on both sides of the strait gathered together to listen to and spread the good voice of Fujian, comprehend the essence of Chinese culture together, feel the charm of Chinese culture and strengthen cultural self-confidence.
The organizer expressed the hope that compatriots on both sides of the strait will persist in carrying forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture as their own responsibility, constantly promote cross-strait exchanges, mutual learning, inheritance and development of excellent traditional literature and art, deepen integrated development, and witness the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation under the nourishment of Chinese culture.
Training site. Southeast Network reporter Lu Jinfu photo
In addition, Fuzhou Taiwan Federation and Jinmen Federation held a training course on United front information, and invited Yang Xiuxin, the third-level director of the office of Fujian Institute of Socialism, to give lectures to the directors of Taiwan Federation and Jinmen Federation.

Small silkworm life brings together local value-added concessions, allowing consumers and businesses to achieve a win-win situation.

In the discussion of "buy in buy buy" and "save in provinces", rational consumption has become the mainstream. In the traditional concept, buying and saving are two completely opposite concepts, but with the continuous change of people’s life concept and consumption concept, this understanding is also changing quietly. Small Silkworm Hui Life skillfully combines "buying" and "saving" to save money for consumers and gain exposure and seed users for merchants, thus achieving a win-win situation in a real sense.

Little Silkworm Life APP is a special application based on local life, which integrates various consumer services such as catering, shopping, leisure and entertainment, and provides consumers with one-stop convenient and preferential services. As a limited-time preferential platform, Little Silkworm Life is characterized by its diversity and timeliness, allowing users to enjoy all kinds of value-added preferential activities while enjoying delicious food.

In order to provide more benefits to users, Little Silkworm Life APP launched the Little Silkworm King Meal Service, which provides users with high-quality and low-cost take-away food choices through its own platform and cooperative merchants. Users only need to place an order within the specified time, and they can enjoy the preferential meal with great value. This kind of activity not only allows users to save a lot of money when ordering takeout, but also provides a platform for cooperative businesses to show their own special food and attract more customers.

In addition, Little Silkworm Life APP also specially launched a limited-time blind box activity for "sweet" girls. During the activity, users only need to spend a small amount of money and have the opportunity to get a beautiful dessert blind box. Combining discounts, blind boxes and desserts, the limited time blind box activity of Little Silkworm Hui’s life not only allows users to enjoy delicious food, but also gets excitement and fun in the process of consumption, adding color to life.

In addition to catering, Little Silkworm Life APP has continuously expanded its consumption scenarios, and aggregated special services such as refueling discounts, low-cost travel, and audio-visual members in one stop. When users use the Little Silkworm Life APP, they can not only enjoy the benefits of food, but also enjoy the benefits of various life services. This one-stop service makes users’ lives more convenient and efficient.

Diversified food and services make people feel the convenience of Little Silkworm Life APP, and various discounts and free-of-charge activities make people feel the benefits of Little Silkworm Life APP. Small silkworm life not only brings benefits to consumers, but also provides a platform for cooperative businesses to display their own special products and attract more customers.


Football today: Liverpool vs Toulouse Graz storm vs Atlanta

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Football today: Liverpool vs Toulouse Graz storm vs Atlanta

Today is a football feast, and two high-profile European games will start soon. One is Liverpool against Toulouse, and the other is Graz storm against Atlanta. Let’s take a look at these two focus wars.

First of all, let’s take a look at Liverpool’s game against Toulouse.

As the champion of the Premier League, Liverpool naturally attracts much attention. They have done well in the Premier League and have always been at the top of the list. Toulouse, on the other hand, is a strong team in Ligue 1, and has also made good achievements in Ligue 1 in recent years. This game can be said to be a match of equal strength.

Liverpool sent the strongest team in this game. Their strikers, Trident Salah, firmino and Mane will continue to lead the attack line. Henderson, Keita and Fabio in midfield will be responsible for organizing the game. Van Dyke and Alexander Arnold on the back line will defend with all their strength. This Liverpool team can be said to be of great strength.

The Toulouse team did not show weakness. Their forwards Xavier Jr., Baigneaux and Salahnovsky will form a powerful offensive force. Du Kulei and Kasami in midfield will be responsible for organizing the match. Vallanet and Alvarez at the back will do their best to protect the goal. Although this Toulouse team is not as strong as Liverpool, it will never give up easily.

Next, let’s take a look at the game between Graz Storm and Atlanta. Graz Storm is a strong team in the Austrian Super League, and they have been doing well in the past few seasons. Atlanta is a strong team in Serie A, and they also have good results.

Graz Storm sent the strongest team in this game.

Their strikers strinic, Kramaric and Wesley will be in charge of the attack. In the midfield position, Sinkavic and Ulm will organize the game. On the back line, Brabuye and Widdel will do their best to protect the goal. The strength of this Graz storm team should not be underestimated.

The Atlanta team also sent a strong lineup.

Their strikers Ilisic, Pasici and muriel will form the attack line. Gomez and Frailey in midfield will be responsible for organizing the match. Himir and Toran on the back line will defend with all their strength. This Atlanta team has excellent strength.

The results of these two games are expected, whether it is Liverpool against Toulouse or Graz storm against Atlanta, it will be a wonderful confrontation.

We are looking forward to cheering for our favorite team!

The above is the introduction of two focus games in today’s football, hoping to bring a wonderful football feast to the fans. Let’s look forward to the wonderful performance of these two games together!

Disclaimer: If the content of the article involves the content of the work, copyright pictures or other issues, please contact the author of this number within 30 days. If the situation is true, we will delete the responsible article as soon as possible. The article only provides reference and does not constitute any investment and application suggestions.

Football Today: Bologna vs Lazio Porto vs Lille, esto.

Bologna vs lazio

Recent situation in Bologna:Bologna has obvious characteristics of being strong and weak, but the overall stability is not good. Bologna’s home court ability is actually good. This season, it has achieved 5 wins, 1 draw and 1 loss at home in 7 matches. The only defeat to the opponent is the giant AC Milan, which is normal. Bologna has a good defensive ability, losing only six goals in the last 10 matches, and winning opponents in five of them. Bologna has scored more goals in the first half of the last four games, all before the end of the half.

Bologna has won only one of the last five matches against Lazio. Bologna has not lost in 10 recent competitions, with 4 wins and 6 draws. Bologna’s recent ball path is too small, and it has played a small ball with its opponent for two consecutive games. It is necessary for Bologna to defend the draw. In the last 10 matches, as many as 6 games were drawn, and 3 of them scored 0-0.

Recent situation in Lazio:Lazio’s overall strength is good, but it lacks stability and the state of the new season is average. Lazio have scored 3 wins, 1 draw and 2 losses in the last 6 matches against Bologna, and they have a certain advantage in the past. Lazio scored in 7 consecutive games of the last 10 competitions, with 5 wins and 2 draws. Lazio have scored at least 3 goals in 8 of the last 10 away games. Lazio’s away ability is average, with 5 wins and 5 losses in nearly 10 away games, and the team’s scoring rate is 50%.

This game: Bologna has won 2 wins and 4 draws in the last 6 league matches, and 3 wins, 1 draw and 1 loss in the last 5 home games. The team is in good shape. Lazio has scored 4 wins, 1 draw and 1 loss in the last 6 league matches, and the team is in good condition. 2 wins and 3 losses in the last 5 away games, and the away state is average. On the whole, the gap between the two sides is not big. Personally, I think Bologna is expected to win this round.

Porto vs Lille, esto

Recent situation in Porto:Porto’s points are in good condition and their home results are quite good. This has a positive impact on this competition, giving them an advantage in this competition. Porto have been in good shape recently, especially in the Champions League, where they reversed the game and won the game with a score of 4-1. This has had a positive impact on the game and increased their confidence. Although many Porto players were absent for personal reasons, Evan Nelson’s excellent performance made up for this vacancy. He has scored five goals in the last five games.

Recent situation in Lille, esto:Esto’s Lille team is currently at the bottom of the league, and its away performance is not good. This has a negative impact on this game, which makes them in a backward state in the game. esto Lille’s recent game is in a poor state. The league has not been won in a row, which has had a negative impact on this game. Esto Lille has no major personnel problems at present. However, although the player Joao Marquez has scored five goals this season, he has been a substitute in the last three leagues.

This game: Personally, I think Porto has great hope of winning this round of events.

23141 Football Quiz: brentford vs West Ham United

Traditional football 14 quiz games.

Welcome to the 23141 football quiz game:

Brentford vs West Ham United is stronger than brentford. Brentford’s performance in the near future is average, and West Ham United may win or draw; Sheffield United VS Wolves, the current state and strength of Wolves are better than Sheffield United, and they are more likely to win this game.

Everton VS Brighton, although Brighton has certain strength, there is still a gap compared with Everton, and Everton has a greater chance of winning or drawing. Manchester City VS Bournemouth, Manchester City is a strong team in the Premier League, and its strength is obviously higher than Bournemouth. In this game, Manchester City wins, Burnley VS Crystal Palace, and the strength of the two teams in this game is relatively close. Burnley has performed well recently, while Crystal Palace has some ups and downs, but considering Burnley’s situation, it is possible to win or draw.

Newcastle United VS Arsenal, Newcastle United performed in general, Arsenal has a strong lineup and good offensive ability, and Arsenal has a greater chance of winning or drawing.

Frejborg VS M? nchengladbach, although Frejborg also has certain strength, M? nchengladbach is more prominent in attack and midfield control.

Meng Xing wins or draws. Hoffenheim VS Leverkusen, a strong Leverkusen with outstanding offensive and defensive abilities. Although Hoffenheim has certain strength, there is still a certain gap.

Leverkusen wins. Clone VS augsburg, Cologne and augsburg are similar in strength, but Cologne has performed slightly better recently. Augsburg has a lot of ups and downs, and this game is a draw or Cologne wins. Berlin United VS Frankfurt, the Berlin United lineup is poor, and there are problems in attack and defense. Frankfurt wins or draws. Mainz VS Leipzig Red Bull, Leipzig has advantages in attack and defense recently.

Red Bull Leipzig won this game. Dortmund VS Bayern Munich, although Dortmund has certain strength, there is still a certain gap compared with Bayern, and Bayern won the game. Atlanta VS Inter Milan, despite Atlanta’s remarkable offensive ability, Inter Milan has an advantage in lineup and defense.

Inter Milan won the game. AC Milan VS Udinese, the strength of AC Milan, a strong Serie A team, is obviously stronger than Udinese. AC Milan won this game, and the charm of football lies in its passion and unpredictability. Welcome to my sports lottery store to present you with a wonderful football feast.

Pay attention to salary and think about things, and analyze more exciting football games for you.

Exercise can really fight cancer! Three kinds of sports are recognized, and swimming ranks second. How long do you practice every day?

Zhang Dabo went out to play badminton every day recently. You may not imagine that his "badminton partner" is a sixth-grade primary school student. Although he is young, he is tall and strong, and his badminton skills are good. He is Zhang Dabo’s first badminton teacher.

At first, Zhang Dabo’s skills were very poor, and he could only pick up two round trips at most. Most of the time, he used to pick up the ball, and his shoulder joint couldn’t work hard, and it hurt when he lifted it, but he gritted his teeth because he saw an article on the Internet saying that exercise could fight cancer. But his "ball partner" children don’t quite believe that exercise can fight cancer. Is it true or not?

It is not a lie to exercise to fight cancer, and the research has been hammered!

Exercise for half an hour every day will increase the number of anti-cancer molecules in the blood.

People who insist on exercise will change their blood environment, release more beneficial hormones and molecules, promote the repair of damaged tissues, and thus play a role in fighting tumors. This is not a lie, it has been confirmed in male patients with intestinal cancer, and the research results have been published in the International Journal of Cancer.

People who exercise every day have a low probability of cancer metastasis.

Exercise consumes energy, just like grabbing the "rations" of tumors, so that tumors don’t have enough energy, and after exercise, sugar and fat, which are beneficial to cancer growth, will be reduced, thus reducing the risk of cancer. The study was published in the American journal Cancer Research.

Persisting in exercise can "continue life"

Regardless of men, women and children, exercise can help reduce the risk of death, even if it is simply walking, it can also reduce 9%.

That is to say, long-term exercise is equivalent to "prolonging life", increasing life expectancy. When you are young, you will develop the old habit of exercising, and your health will not be too bad when you get old. For the elderly, insisting on exercising skeletal muscles will lead to slow aging, low cardiovascular risk and low risk of cancer. This is life extension.

You must be curious, what exercise is effective?

Playing golf? Tai Chi? Swimming? Walking? Actually, neither,The first place is swing sports..

Swing sports stand out among many sports and are most beneficial to the body.Followed by swimming and aerobics., reducing the mortality rate by 28% and 27% respectively.

Next, we will really start to move. First of all, we should make a plan for the exercise time, neither too short nor too long, generally.Three to five times a week, 45-60 minutes each time..

Secondly, choose a sport. Compared with table tennis and tennis, badminton is not very selective about the venue, so it can be played in an empty place, and the price of equipment is not high.

Why can swing sports "stand out" in many sports? What are the benefits of insisting on playing badminton to your health?

Badminton is not as difficult as everyone thinks, but it also needs some skills and explosive power to play well. The upper limbs should be strong, and you should learn the power skills. You can practice forehand serve first. At the same time, we must master the basic pace, and we can find our own rhythm slowly with our hands and feet together, and it will not be too tired to run the whole game.

Relieve shoulder and neck pain

Almost every adult has a shoulder and neck problem, which is accumulated from years of work. Usually, he always lowers his head. Now he can always look up and look far away when playing ball, which can help the neck muscles stretch backwards and relieve pain and stiffness.

Prevent myopia and relieve eye pain

Students’ eyes are tired from reading too much. When they play ball outdoors with friends or family, they can rest their eyes during serving and catching the ball. At the same time, they can get speed and color stimulation exercise and strengthen their lens adjustment ability.

Make people feel happy and less stressed.

During sports, people communicate more. They can tease each other while playing ball. They can also mix and match men and women, feel the joy of cooperation during running, and feel the joy of victory after successfully winning the score, which can release their pressure and make them feel happy physically and mentally.

People who exercise regularly have high immunity.

Playing ball has an exercise effect on the joints, muscles, heart function and cardiovascular system of upper and lower limbs, which makes the body more flexible and resistant, and is not easy to be infected by viruses. The epidemic situation can’t grab medicine or antigen at the moment, but it can also help us prevent it if we have strong immunity.

So, can exercise offset the harm caused by smoking and drinking?

Many people in life have a hobby of smoking and drinking, and they are addicted to smoking and drinking. They can’t touch it for a day, knowing that these things will cause harm to their health, but they just can’t help it.

And exercise has so many benefits, is it safe to smoke and drink as long as you exercise?

Of course not, becauseExercise cannot reverse organ damage.For example, after drinking for a long time, liver cirrhosis may be improved slightly, but it is irreversible in severe cases. Every drop of alcohol will cause damage to liver tissue, and it may induce liver cancer after continuing drinking.

Another example is lung cancer, which has a great relationship with smoking. The only way to reduce the risk is to quit smoking.Although exercise can improve heart and lung function, it is not "magic"If the lungs are covered with black spots, hardening and fibrosis, there is no way to recover.

This is also the reason why some people end up ill with tendinitis, perhaps becauseDidn’t pay attention to the harm of bad diet,Exercise is not an excuse for everyone to smoke and drink, andStay up late and chew betel nuts.Wait, these bad habits should be corrected, so that exercise can bring positive benefits to the body.

In short, if you want to exercise and keep fit, you must find the right direction. You can do swing exercise or aerobic exercise, but you can’t smoke or drink after exercise, otherwise it may be useless.


[1] Studying 1.2 million people, The Lancet’s latest: The best sport is the swing ball game. qianjiang evening news Hour News .2018-09-07

[2] Swing is praised again: it has absolute advantages in protecting cardiovascular system. Life Times .2022-09-15

[3] The latest research confirms that exercise can really fight cancer. Health Times.2022-05-09

The best way for a person to cherish his life: keep exercising and stop internal friction.

As soon as the Winter Olympics came to an end, there was a sports craze around him.

Someone around me started skiing, and someone online played curling and got a hot search;

Some people have regained their dusty fitness cards, and some people have practiced yoga for a long time.

When I get up in the morning, even downstairs, young people often jump rope.

This is the imprint on everyone’s life after hosting this Winter Olympics.

When we see the bodybuilding figure of athletes, we can’t stand being fat;

When we know the story of athletes’ self-discipline, it will also change the indulgence of life.

There are countless benefits brought by sports, which not only change the appearance and habits, but also have a great impact on a person’s mood.

Yangzhou University has tested 468 college students, and the results show that:

"The emotion, self-efficacy and mental health level of people who love sports are higher than those who don’t."

Exercise is a good medicine to cure internal friction.

When you exercise and get rid of the entanglement of negative emotions, life will naturally be clear and bright.

General characteristics of internal friction type people:

I don’t want to go anywhere, I don’t want to do anything. Over time, I have no interest in anything, and I let my emotions lurk in my heart and accumulate disasters.

Some time ago, the "emo" stalk of the explosion made many people resonate.

Everyone can’t avoid his own emo moment, and whenever this time, he is covered with "mourning", "melancholy" and "sadness".

Last year, my cousin’s company laid off staff, and she was unfortunately included in the list.

After receiving a compensation, my cousin’s life has become: lying at home every day, not even bothering to go downstairs and throw garbage.

Unconsciously, my cousin’s state has changed. Every day, she is groggy and often thinks, and she can’t get past the hurdle of being laid off.

"I have been doing well in my work. Did someone cheat and cut me off?

My husband came back today with a bad face. Did he look sad when he saw me not going to work? "

Cousin is sullen at home all day, and the more she thinks about it, the more agitated she becomes. She also quarrels with her husband for many times.

The family feels that the cousin seems to be a different person, and they all avoid her.

Cousin aware of their own changes, then tell psychological counselor girlfriends, girlfriends said:

"You are lying out of the disease, and you think about it if you have nothing to do, so you are caught in self-friction."

I can’t help but think of the sentence on the Internet: "People can’t be idle. When they are idle, they will think too much, and when they think about it, their emotions will flood."

All internal friction is thinking too much and moving too little.

On Douban, there is a "internal friction group" in which tens of thousands of people are depressed.

Many people post when they are in trouble, trying to relieve the troubles of negative emotions by talking.

But the effect is not satisfactory, either ignored, or received insignificant comfort, or doubly sad with people in the same situation.

In the end, the more words are hurt, the more complaints are bitter.

A netizen’s self-healing method has awakened many people. He said:

Go to bed early and get up early, keep exercising and reduce the time of daydreaming.

It’s really good for physical and mental health to stop thinking after exercise.

In fact, the biggest difference between pessimists and optimists is not that optimists don’t feel depressed when things happen, but that their bodies have a "valve". Once their emotions are entangled, they have ways to solve them, or talk to friends or exercise.

When the body moves, the heart will not be idle, and the thoughts will not fly around the sky.

One of the body and mind must move. If the body does not move, the mind will be eager to try.

Once people are dragged into the abyss of emotions, they will struggle more and more confused, more confused and more desperate.

Instead of being trapped by negative emotions and constantly suffering from internal friction, it is better to have a hearty movement and boldly declare war on sadness.

People often think that exercise is just to keep fit, but it is neglected. It is also the best medicine to cure emotions.

In this regard, blogger Xiao Guan has a deep understanding.

Xiao Guan was devastated by depression. He often felt weak limbs, dull head, aching all over and sometimes unable to lift his arms.

In my mind, all kinds of negative thoughts are staged in turn, completely out of control.

During that time, Xiao Guan was tortured to yellow muscles and listless, like an old man who had experienced vicissitudes of life.

Later, Xiao Guan didn’t want to be depressed any more, so he decided to try running.

For the first time, Xiao Guan was panting after running more than 300 meters.

Although the distance is not long, with the rapid breathing, Xiao Guan actually feels a little more relaxed.

With constant persistence, Xiao Guan gradually fell in love with running and successfully challenged the half-horse race.

He said that every time he finished running, he felt comfortable and his pain was relieved.

During the exercise, Xiao Guan also made new friends and opened his own world.

Over time, Xiao Guan was no longer trapped by depression, and found the sunny boy with handsome sunshine and firm eyes.

Exercise moves the body, but it heals the mind.

Dr Carousen Kranz, an associate professor at Ruhr University in Bochum, did an experiment. They recruited 41 patients with depression who were being treated.

Then the participants were randomly divided into two groups, one group had to complete a three-week exercise plan, and the other group didn’t do any exercise.

Three weeks later, the research team made a comprehensive evaluation of the participants again, and the results showed that:

"After physical exercise, the brain change ability of patients with depression has been significantly improved and reached the same level as that of healthy people.

Moreover, the depressive symptoms of patients in the exercise group have also been alleviated, but there is no obvious change in the non-exercise group. "

Exercise cures emotional internal friction, which is actually very scientific.

After exercise, the body will secrete dopamine, which will quietly soothe your mood.

When running in the wind and sweating, the inner gloom and anxiety will gradually dissipate, taking you out of the whirlpool of emotions.

Wendy Suzuki, a neuroscientist, shared her experiences in a TED talk.

As a professor and famous scientist in new york University, Wendy’s working ability is beyond doubt. Even if all kinds of data flood in, she can still cope with it.

But after intense work, Wendy just wants to stay at home alone after work every day, without socializing and never exercising.

Unconsciously, she gained 25 pounds (about 23 Jin).

Once, Wendy went rafting alone, and the whole process was seriously behind schedule.

At this time, she realized: "God, I was the weakest one on that journey."

After being frustrated, Wendy knew that she could no longer hide at home. She decided to go out and exercise.

She got up the courage to try all kinds of sports, such as boxing, dancing, yoga and so on.

Wendy said, "It was really difficult at first, but I noticed that every time I sweated, my mood and energy became very good."

The change constantly inspired her. After a year and a half, Wendy not only successfully lost 25 pounds, but also was surprised to find that her attention and memory had obviously changed.

In the past, Wendy used to sit at her desk and rack her brains to write a research grant application.

Now, inspiration keeps flashing in my mind, and I can finish the application report soon.

Later, Wendy read a lot of data and confirmed these changes after years of research. The experimental conclusion shows that:

"Exercise can improve the ability to divert and concentrate, which lasts at least two hours at a time.

In addition, it can also improve the response time of strain. "

Finally, Wendy, who had locked herself in a dark room, now stood on the podium humorously and concluded:

"Exercise can bring better mood, more energy, stronger memory and concentration."

When people exercise, the body will secrete a variety of substances, triggering a series of domino effects in the body.

Endorphins and dopamine can calm your mood, serotonin can relieve your fatigue, and nerve growth factor strengthens your brain.

The less excellent people are, the more they should exercise, toss and sweat.

Exercise can boost your inner energy, and you are naturally like a small sun, gathering all the good things around you.

Like a sentence very much:

"Life also has a" magnetic field effect ".People with positive energy bring warmth, while people with negative energy bring cold."

If you want to get better, take action. Exercise will make you look good again to fight against life.

The meaning of sports, as the online sentence is very hot:

"Three kilometers specializes in all kinds of unhappiness, five kilometers specializes in all kinds of internal injuries, and after ten kilometers, the heart is all kind and open."

When you are sad, you might as well go running outdoors, so that the freshness of nature and the carefree running can drive away the sadness.

When frustrated, you might as well play badminton, forget the sorrow between the balls and concentrate on enjoying the passion of the confrontation.

When you are restless, you may wish to practice yoga, stretch your body in soft music, unload your anxiety and find peace and tranquility.

Exercise can cure all internal friction; Exercise can get rid of all troubles.

In this world, nothing can’t be driven away by a movement. If there is, then exercise for two or n games.

It is better to exercise to heal yourself than to see others feel confident in the sunshine.

Instead of admiring others’ excellent self-discipline, it is better to act and look forward to yourself.

So, stop emo and go to exercise!

Every drop of sweat you shed will not be wasted, but will become a cell in your body, break down the barriers of depression, release efficient energy and carve more beautiful lines.

Order"watching"Encourage with friends.

author | Li Kemo, personal WeChat official account, Kemo girl.

picture | Network (please contact to delete if there is any infringement), vision china.